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    Subject:      LIST: Alternate History Stories, 4 of 8
    From:         rbs@panix.com (Robert B. Schmunk)
    Date:         1996/04/16
    Message-ID:   <4kv8m2$20c@panix.com>
    Newsgroups:   rec.arts.sf.written,soc.history.what-if,alt.history.what-if,rec.answers,soc.answers,alt.answers,news.answers
    
    [Subscribe to rec.arts.sf.written] New!
    [More Headers]
    
    
    Archive-name: sf/alt_history/part4
    Rec-arts-sf-written-archive-name: alt_history/part4
    Version: 26
    Posting-Frequency: Quarterly
    
    
    
    Meacham, Beth, "A Dream Can Make a Difference", in <BAOF>
      %W Marilyn Monroe survived her suicide attempt and went into politics,
         running against Reagan for governor of California.
      %S After Hinckley assassinates Pres. Monroe in 1981, a female news producer
         recalls the path Monroe followed to the White House.
    
    Meacham, Beth, "One by One", in <AW>
      %W Tecumseh turned the tide at the Battle of the Thames (Detroit) and the
         Northwest Territories only became a US state decades later.
      %S In the 20th century, conflict between whites and reds in "Indiana"
         constantly simmers with acts of terrorism and retaliation.
    
    Meacham, Beth, "A Spark in the Darkness", in <AO>
      %W Hellen Keller learned to pick locks.
      %S The narrative of a safe-cracker.
    
    Melo, Joco Batista, "A Moga Triste de Berlim" [The Sad Girl from Berlin], in AS
         BALEIAS DE SANGUENAY [The Whales of Sanguenay] (Rocco 1995)
      %S A terrorist act against the Brazilian dictatorship results in the
         destruction of the _Hindenburg_ over Rio de Janeiro.
    
    Menard, Pierre, 1938: LA DISTRUZIONE DI PARIGI (Frasinelli 1984)
      %W Petain led a successful French coup in 1934.
      %S ...
    
    Mendini, Douglas, "What If...", in _Entertainment Weekly_ 7 Aug 1992
      %W Marilyn Monroe's stomach was pumped in time to prevent her death from a
         drug overdose.
      %S A series of short news blurbs about Marilyn's career through 1989.
    
    Meredith, Richard C., AT THE NARROW PASSAGE (Putnam's 1973, 039911100X; Berkley
         1975, 0425027309; rev Playboy 1979)
      %S An agent from a Macedonian world visits timelines where Britain suppressed
         American revolutions and Albigensia survived orthodox crusaders.
    --------------------, NO BROTHER, NO FRIEND (Doubleday 1976, 03851111096; rev
         Playboy 1979, 0872165647)
      %S Further adventures in a world of fascist, isolationist America and another
         colonized by an England that escaped Norman conquest.
    --------------------, VESTIGES OF TIME (Doubleday 1978, 0385131747; rev Playboy
         1979, 0872165728)
      %S And closing in a world of Punic victory over Rome.
    
    Meredith, Richard C., RUN, COME SEE JERUSALEM! (Ballantine 1976, 0345250664)
      %W Chicago did not burn in Oct 1871.
      %S A time-hopper, fleeing an American religious dictatorship in a history in
         which Nazi Germany nuked Chicago, recuperates in 1871 Chicago.
    
    Merwin, Sam, THE HOUSE OF MANY WORLDS (Doubleday 1951; Galaxy SF Novel 12
         (1952); Modern Literary Editions 1967?); rev. of "The House of Many
         Worlds", in _Startling Stories_ Sep 1951
      %S Time guardians intervene in affairs in divergent worlds, including one
         where Aaron Burr conquered and reshaped the USA.
    
    -----------, "Three Faces of Time", in Ace Double #D-121 (Ace 1955); rev. of
         "Journey to Misenum", in _Startling Stories_ Aug 1953
      %S Cross and vertical time-travel adventure in a slightly different ancient
         Rome.
      %C Not to be confused with Frank Belknap Long's novel of the same name.
    
    Mielke, Thomas R.P., GRAND ORIENTALE 3301 (Heyne 1980)
      %W The Arabs continued during the Middle Ages to rise in power and
         technology, but became divided.
      %S People from our world encounter Arabic nations fighting for control of
         powerlines from hydroelectric plants in Europe.
    
    Miesel, Sandra, SHAMAN (Baen 1989, 0671698443); rev. of DREAMRIDER (Ace 1982,
         04411566797)
      %S A woman from the 2009 of one world dreams of historical events happening
         differently (without much follow through) and becomes a shaman in another.
    
    Miles, Robin, "Throwing out Time at the Red Lion", serial in _Miniature
         Wargames_ #91 & #92 (Dec 1990 & Jan 1991)
      %C ...
    
    Milan, Victor J., WILD CARDS XII: TURN OF THE CARDS (Bantam 1993)
      %C In same series as Martin's WILD CARDS I, etc.
    
    Miller, John J.: see Leigh, Stephen, & John J. Miller
    
    Miller, John J.: see Martin, George R.R., & John J. Miller
    
    Miller, Mark R., "Split End", in _Analog_ Nov 1991
      %S A scientist discovers that time travelers cause the formation of
         impermanent alternate "virtual" timelines when they make changes in
         history.
    
    Minogue, Kenneth, "What If Karl Marx Had Drowned in a Cross-Channel Ferry
         Accident? (1847)", in <WIESSF>
      %W As the title says.
      %C Essay from that timeline that revolutionaries such as Lenin lacked a
         fundamental theory that this obscure thinker could have provided.
    
    Mitchell, Gary, "The Wars that Never Were", in _Miniature Wargames_ #81 (Feb
         1990)
      %W The Confederacy abolished slavery in late 1863 and was immediately
         recognized by Britain and France.
      %C Wargaming British and French intervention in the US Civil War, with a
         timeline describing events up to the concluding Treaty of Berlin (1865).
    
    Mitchell, Kirk, NEVER THE TWAIN (Ace 1987, 0441569730)
      %S A Bret Harte descendant attempts to make his ancestor the literary giant
         of 1900 by arranging for Mark Twain's success in the gold fields.
    
    Mitchell, Kirk, PROCURATOR (Ace 1984, 0441680291)
    --------------, NEW BARBARIANS (Ace 1986, 0441571018)
    --------------, CRY REPUBLIC (Ace 1989, 0441123899)
      %W Rome defeated Arminius in the Teutoburg Wald and the legion responsible
         was posted to Judea, where 20 years later, Pilate spared Jesus of
         Nazareth.
      %S A 20th-century Roman general who believes in republican gov't becomes
         Caesar.
    
    Mitchell, V.E., "Against the Night", serial in _Amazing Stories_ May & Jun 1992
      %S WW2 in which the secret British plan to create an aircraft carrier out of
         a piece of the Greenland ice shelf was enacted.
    
    Mitsuse Ryu, SEITO TOTOKUFU (Hayakawa Shobo 1975)
      %W Japan lost the Sino-Japanese War.
      %S ...
    
    Modesitt, L. E., Jr., OF TANGIBLE GHOSTS (Tor 1994, 0312857209; Tor 1995,
         0812548221)
      %S ...
    
    Moffett, Judith, "Chickasaw Slave", in <IAsfm> Sept 1991; and <AP>
      %W Andrew Jackson's image was tarnished by a land-dealing scandal, leading to
         Davey Crockett becoming president in 1828.
      %S Just as the Confederacy wins its independence in 1853, a soldier recounts
         how the flight of a slave may have broken the Compromise of 1850.
    
    Montana, Ron, THE SIGN OF THE THUNDERBIRD (Manor 1977)
      %S Soldiers from post-nuclear war USA are thrown back to 1860, where they
         help create an AmerInd nation and a Free State of New Mexico.
    
    Montville, Leigh, "What If? Bubbles and the Babe", in _Sports Illustrated
         [Classic]_ Fall 1991 (v75, no18)
      %W Henry Frazee's mistress prevented him from trading Babe Ruth to the New
         York Yankees in 1919.
      %S Reminiscing about the many men who played for the Boston Red Sox, the
         greatest dynasty in baseball history.
    
    Mooney, Ted, TRAFFIC AND LAUGHTER (... 1990)
      %W WW2 was a draw and the atomic bomb wasn't developed until much later.
      %S ...
    
    Moorcock, Michael, GLORIANA; OR, THE UNFULFILL'D QUEEN. BEING A ROMANCE
         (Allison & Busby 1978, 085031237X; Fontana 1978; Avon 1979; Warner/Popular
         Library 1986, 0445202718)
      %W Refugees from Troy founded a new empire in Britain.
      %S Political machinations in London, capital of Elizabethan-level Albion,
         which is ruled by a virgin queen.
    
    Moorcock, Michael, A NOMAD OF THE TIME STREAMS (Millenium 1993; White Wolf
         1995, 1565041798; vt THE NOMAD OF TIME, SFBC 1982)
    (---------------), THE WARLORD OF THE AIR (NEL 1971; Ace 1971, 0441876005; rev
         Quartet 1978; DAW 1978; Granada 1981)
      %T German tr. by Sylvia Pukallus as DER HERR DER LUFTE (Heyne 1982)
      %S Oswald Bastable travels from 1902 to 1973 in a world where longtime peace
         has maintained European imperialism.
    (---------------), THE LAND LEVIATHAN: A NEW SCIENTIFIC ROMANCE (Doubleday
         1974, 0385014732; Quartet 1974, 0704320185, 070433013X; DAW 1976; Panther
         1981, 0583131026)
      %T German tr. by Sylvia Pukallus as DER LANDLEVIATHAN (Heyne 1982)
      %S Continuing to 1904 on a world where premature technological development
         did the world no good.
    (---------------), THE STEEL TSAR (DAW 1982, 0879977736)
      %T German tr. by Sylvia Pukallus as DER STAHLZAR (Heyne 1984)
      %S Bastable ends up on a 1941 Kerenskian Russian airship fighting Japanese
         invaders and Cossacks led by a Georgian named Djugashvili.
    
    Moore, Alan, & Dave Gibbons, WATCHMEN (DC Comics 1987, 0930289234; Warner 1987,
         0446386898); collection of _Watchmen_ #1-12, comic book series (DC Comics
         1986-87)
      %W Costumed vigilantes appeared in 1939 and a real superhero with superpowers
         was created in 1959 by an accident in a nuclear research lab.
      %S In 1986, Nixon is still president, someone is killing old costumed heroes
         and nuclear war looks imminent. Why are the latter two related?
    
    Moore, C.L.: see Padgett, Lewis, & C.L. Moore
    
    Moore, Ward, BRING THE JUBILEE (Farrar, Straus & Young 1953; Ballantine 1953;
         Avon 1955; Avon 1972, 038002440?; Avon 1976, 0380007568; Easton 1987; Bart
         1988, 1557850321); rev. of "Bring the Jubilee", in <f&sf> Nov 1952; and
         THE FANTASTIC CIVIL WAR (ed. Frank McSherry, Jr) (Baen 1991, 0671720635)
      %T German tr. by Walter Brumm as DER GROSSE SUDEN (Heyne 1980)
      %T Portuguese tr. by Ana Paula Gouveia as E TUDO O TEMPO LEVOU (Classica
         1992)
      %W Confederates occupied the Round Tops during the first day of Gettysburg,
         leading to victory in the battle and Confederate independence.
      %S An historian from a fifth-rate 1952 US, overshadowed by the CSA and the
         Germanic Union, travels back to Gettysburg, 1 Jul 1863.
    
    Moore, Ward, "A Class with Dr. Chang", in <BT>
      %W The Sino-German alliance defeated Japan and won WW2.
      %S A Chinese-American history prof at UC-Monterey finds that his students are
         violently bigoted.
    
    Moore, William O., "Let Us Cross Over the River: A Flight of Fancy for
         Wargamers", in _The General_ ... 1989 (vol 25, no 5)
      %W Stonewall Jackson seemingly rose from the dead after Chancellorsville, and
         followed Lee to Gettysburg, occupying the Round Tops.
      %S Details of Jackson's resurrection and the Confederate victory at
         Gettysburg, plus the capture of Baltimore and the armistice in August.
    
    Morales, Alejandro, THE RAG DOLL PLAGUES: A NOVEL (Arte Publico 1992,
         1558850368)
      %W A mysterious plague swept through Mexico City in 1788.
      %S Doctors fight the plague in 1788, 1970 and 2050.
    
    Moran, Daniel Keys, THE ARMAGEDDON BLUES (Bantam 1988, 0553271156); rev. of
         "All the Time in the World", in <IAsfm> ... 1982
      %S In 1968, a woman from 2731 meets an immortal born in 1712, and they set
         out to prevent the nuclear war of 2007.
    
    Moran, Tony, "Close Your Eyes and Stare at Your Memories", in _Amazing Stories_
         Jan 1973
      %S ...
    
    Morgan, Roger, "If I had been... Konrad Adenauer in 1952", in <IIHB>
      %W Adenauer did not ignore Stalin's proposal for German re-unification.
      %C His five reasons for exploring the idea, plus some commentary about the
         all-German election of 1954.
    
    Morin, Edgar, "Le Camarade-Dieu: un conte de Noel", in _France Observateur_ 28
         Dec 1961
      %W Surviving death in 1953, Stalin is proclaimed a living god in 1961.
      %S Reactions from elsewhere.
    
    Morris, Howard L., "Not by Sea", in _If_ Feb 1966
      %W Napoleon used balloons to invade England.
      %S Foiling the invasion.
    
    Morris, Janet: see Drake, David, & Janet Morris
    
    Morrissette, Gabriel: see Shainblum, Mark, & Gabriel Morrissette
    
    Morrow, James, "Abe Lincoln in McDonald's", in <WMHB2>; and THE 1990 ANNUAL
         WORLD'S BEST SF (eds. Donald A. Wollheim & Arthur W. Saha) (DAW 1990,
         0886774241)
      %W Lincoln made peace with the Confederacy in 1863.
      %S Through time travel, Lincoln gets a look at slavery in 2009.
    
    Morrow, James, "Arms and the Woman", in _Amazing Stories_ Jul 1991; and <WMHB3>
      %W Upon finding out that the Trojan War was being fought over her, Helen
         decided she didn't need the guilt.
      %S Notified of Helen's desire to end the war, the leaders of both sides
         aren't having any of it.
    
    Morrow, James, "Bible Stories for Adults, No. 31: The Covenant", in <WMHB1>;
         and BIBLE STORIES FOR ADULTS (Harcourt Brace 1996)
      %W Moses couldn't get a replacement set for the tablets he smashed on the
         golden calf, and society had to be constructed without them.
      %S An attempt to computer-reconstruct the law of Moses from the tablet
         shards, which have been saved.
    
    Morselli, Guido, CONTRO-PASSATO PROSSIMO: UN'IPOTESI RETROSPETTIVA (Adelphi
         1975; Adelphi 1987)
      %T English tr. by Hugh Shankland as PAST CONDITIONAL: A RETROSPECTIVE
         HYPOTHESIS (Chatto & Windus 1989, 0701129174)
      %W Austria-Hungary invaded Italy via a secret tunnel in May 1916, forcing it
         out of the war in five days.
      %S How lightning tactics achieved victory for the Central Powers in WW1 and
         led to the creation of a semi-socialist W European federation in 1917.
    
    Motta, Luigi, IL TUNNEL SOTTOMARINO (... 1927)
      %W A transatlantic tunnel was begun in the 1920s.
      %S ...
    
    Mulisch, Harry, DE TOEKOMST VAN GISTEREN: PROTOKOL VAN EEN SCHRIJVERIJ (De
         Bezige Bij 1972)
      %W Hitler was assassinated in 1944, which event was followed by an SS
         countercoup and German victory in WW2.
      %S An author in a world in which Germany lost WW2 explains why he isn't
         writing about a world in which Germany won, in which world is an author...
    
    Mullally, Frederic, HITLER HAS WON: A NOVEL (Simon & Schuster 1975, 0671220748;
         Macmillan 1975, 0333184289)
      %W Hitler attacked the Soviet Union immediately instead of toying with Greece
         and Yugoslavia. Meanwhile, Japan attacked Vladivostok.
      %S A young officer and a maverick bishop get involved in a last-ditch attempt
         to topple Hitler.
    
    Murphy, Walter F., "What If Peter Had Been Pope During World War II?", in
         <WIESSF>
      %W God re-ran history, giving Pope Pius XII St. Peter's moral character.
      %C The Oct 1943 roundup of Roman Jews leads the Pope to criticize the 3rd
         Reich and Great Britain, and the Nazis attack the Vatican.
    
    Murrin, John M., "No Awakening, No Revolution? More Counterfactual
         Speculations", in _Reviews in American History_ Jun 83
      %W Three men who powered the American Great Awakening did not do so.
      %C Scholarly argument that minus the evangelical movement, the revolution
         would still occur and independence probably gained, but no Civil War.
    
    Nabokov, Vladmir, ADA, OR ARDOR: A FAMILY CHRONICLE (McGraw-Hill 1969; Fawcett
         1970; McGraw-Hill 1986, 070457778; Vintage 1990, 0679725229)
      %S ...
    
    Nathanson, E.M., & Aaron Bank, KNIGHT'S CROSS (Carol/Birch Lane 1993,
         1559721685)
      %W Hitler was captured by the Allies in early 1945.
      %S ...
    
    National Lampoon, editors of, "Grand Fifth Term Inaugural Issue: JFK's First
         6,000 Days", in _National Lampoon_ Feb 1977
      %W Jackie Kennedy died in Dallas instead of JFK.
      %S A whimsical look at Kennedy's first 16 years, including his marriage to
         Christina Onassis and military intervention in N Ireland.
    
    Nelson, Ray, TIMEQUEST (rev Tor 1985; vt BLAKE'S PROGRESS, Laser 1975,
         0373720130)
      %S William Blake, his wife and others travel through time changing how things
         turn out. In one instance, the Romans never defeat the Egyptians.
    
    Nesbitt, Mark, IF THE SOUTH WON GETTYSBURG (Reliance 1980, 0937740012)
      %W Lee listened to Longstreet and flanked the Union on the South before the
         battle's third day.
      %S A day-by-day account of the battle, and JEB Stuart's raid on Washington.
         Final chapter provides outline of consequent American history to 1940.
    
    Newman, Kim, ANNO-DRACULA (Simon & Schuster UK 1992, 0671717804; Carroll & Graf
         1993, 0881849677; Pocket UK 1994, 0671715917; Avon 1994, 038072345X)
      %W Dracula actually existed, defeated Van Helsing, and married the widowed
         Queen Victoria.
      %S A human agent of the Diogenes Club and a vampire are among those hunting
         for Jack the Ripper, who is killing vampire whores.
    -----------, THE BLOODY RED BARON (Simon & Schuster UK 1995; Carroll & Graf
         1995, 0786702524)
      %S Thirty years later, Graf von Dracula now controls imperial Germany and has
         led Europe into bloody war.
    
    Newman, Kim, "Famous Monsters", in _Interzone_ #23 (Spring 1988); THE YEAR'S
         BEST SCIENCE FICTION, SIXTH ANNUAL COLLECTION (ed. Gardner Dozois) (St.
         Martin's 1989, 0312030096, 0312030088); and FAMOUS MONSTERS (Pocket UK
         1995, 0671853007)
      %W H.G. Wells's book THE WAR OF THE WORLDS was not fiction.
      %S A Martian gets a job in Hollywood.
    
    Newman, Kim, "The Pierce Arrow Stalled, and...", in FAMOUS MONSTERS (Pocket UK
         1995, 0671853007)
      %W Fatty Arbuckle did not go to a particular Hollywood party.
      %S ...
    
    Newman, Kim, "Slow News Day", in _Interzone_ #90 (Dec 1994)
      %S The 50th anniversary of D-Day, the German invasion of England on June 5,
         1944.
    
    Newman, Kim, & Eugene Byrne, "Ten Days That Shook the World", in _Interzone_
         #48 (Jun 1991); and _Aboriginal_ #27 (Jul/Aug 1991)
      %W Theodore Roosevelt won the 1912 election, but was assassinated while
         trying to break up a Chicago labor strike before the inauguration.
      %S How reaction to the anti-socialist backlash, early entry in WW1 and the
         corrupt presidency of plutocrat Charles Foster Kane led to a socialist
         revolution.
    ---------------------------, "Tom Joad", in _Interzone_ #65 (Nov 1992)
      %S Ideology agents Elliott Ness and Melvyn Purvis hunt for a legendary
         agitator and end up confronting Chairman Capone's enforcer Frank Nitti.
    ---------------------------, "In the Air", in _Interzone_ #43 (Jan 1991)
      %S Musician Charlie Holley recounts how Howie Hughes and Jack Kerouac crashed
         a party in honor of George Patton's Revolutionary Fraternity Squadron.
    
    Newman, Kim, "Ubermensch", in FAMOUS MONSTERS (Pocket UK 1995, 0671853007)
      %S ...
    
    Newman, Kim, & Eugene Byrne, "The Wandering Christian", in TALES OF THE
         WANDERING JEW (ed. Brian Stableford) (Daedalus 1991, 0946626715)
      %W Constantine was defeated by Maxentius at the Milvian Bridge after his army
         panicked, making Christianity a laughing-stock of a religion.
      %S In 4759 (999 AD), the Wandering Jew/Christian tells the story of his life,
         from 30 AD Jerusalem to Persian-besieged Jewish Rome.
    
    Nicholas, Herbert N., "Hail Our Britannic Bicentennial", in _Virginia Quarterly
         Review_ Summer 1976
      %W Britain prevented troops and siege supplies from reaching Washington at
         Yorktown, leading to a Cornwallis victory.
      %S The states remain within the British Empire, but are permitted to form a
         unified government after a constitutional convention in 1787.
    
    Nichols, Lyn, "Mahogany Dreams", in <AT>
      %S ...
    
    Nicolson, Harold, "If Byron had Become King of Greece", in <IIHHO> (all eds.)
      %W Lord Byron did not die of a fever in 1824.
      %S An overview of Byron's life from 1824 to 1854, including how he became
         king of Greece in 1831 and his wife's attempts to usurp power.
    
    Nimersheim, Jack, "A Fireside Chat", in <AP>
      %W Warren Harding died during the campaign of 1920, putting James Cox in the
         White House. But Cox died too and his Veep became president.
      %S In 1923, President Franklin Roosevelt meets with German Chancellor Adolf
         Hitler, who successfully pulled off the Beer Hall Putsch.
    
    Nimersheim, Jack, "#2, With a Bullet", in <AO>
      %S Meanderings about the fame of Jack Kennedy, the King of Krime.
    
    Nimersheim, Jack, "The Rising Sun at Dusk", in <AT>
      %S ...
    
    Nimersheim, Jack, "The Wages of Sin", in <BAOF>
      %W Bonnie and Clyde found a safer way of making money than bank robbery.
      %S B&C go into tent-revival sex therapy, but still have a fatal date with the
         FBI on a Louisiana highway.
    
    Nimmo, David G. "What If?...Evacuating the AfrikaKorps", in _Command_ #30
         (Sep-Oct 1994)
      %W Hitler consented to plans to evacuate the Afrikakorps in early 1943.
      %S Short scenario of how it would have worked.
    
    Niven, Larry, "All the Myriad Ways", in _Galaxy_ Oct 1968; <WoM>; ALL THE
         MYRIAD WAYS (Ballantine 1971); APPROACHES TO SCIENCE FICTION (ed. Donald L
         Lawler) (Houghton Mifflin 1978, 0395254965); GALAXY: THIRTY YEARS OF
         INNOVATIVE SCIENCE FICTION (eds. Frederick Pohl, Martin H. Greenberg &
         Joseph D Olander) (Playboy 1980, 0872235688; Worldview 1981, 0872236471);
         N-SPACE (Tor 1990, 0312850891; Tor 1992, 0812510011; Orbit 1992,
         1857230035); and <WIW>
      %T German tr. by ... as "Myriaden", in MYRIADEN (Bastei-Lubbe 1973)
      %W The Cuban Missile Crisis escalated to nuclear exchange.
      %S A detective investigates a series of suicides involving the Crosstime
         Corporation.
      %C Retold in comic-book form by Niven & Chaykin.
    
    Niven, Larry, "Bird in the Hand", <f&sf> Oct 1970; WORLD'S BEST SCIENCE
         FICTION: 1971 (eds. Donald A. Wollheim & Terry Carr) (Ace 1971); and THE
         FLIGHT OF THE HORSE (Ballantine 1973, 0345234871)
      %S Time-traveling souvenir hunters destroy Henry Ford's first auto.
    
    Niven, Larry, "Death in a Cage", in THE FLIGHT OF THE HORSE (Ballantine 1973,
         0345234871)
      %S Post-holocaust time-traveler creates our timeline by preventing a blow-up
         resulting from the Cuban missile crisis.
    
    Niven, Larry, "The Return of William Proxmire", in <WMHB1>; and N-SPACE (Tor
         1990, 0312850891; Tor 1992, 0812510011; Orbit 1992, 1857230035)
      %W SF author Robert Heinlein did not resign from the navy.
      %S Sen. Proxmire tries to destroy NASA by preventing Heinlein from becoming a
         writer.
      %C Nominee: 1990 Hugo for best short story.
    
    Niven, Larry, "There's a Wolf in My Time Machine", in <f&sf> Jun 1971; <BAW>;
         and ZOO 2000: TWELVE STORIES OF SCIENCE FICTION AND FANTASY (ed. Jane
         Yolen) (Seabury 1973, 0816431035)
      %S A time traveler strays sideways to a timeline where the dominant
         inhabitants developed from wolves instead of hominids.
    
    Niven, Larry, & Howard Chaykin, "All the Myriad Ways", in _Unknown Worlds of
         Science Fiction_ #5 (... 1975, Marvel Comics)
      %C Comic book adaptation of the Niven short story.
    
    Nock, Albert Jay, "If Only--", in _Atlantic_ Aug 1937
      %S ...
    
    Noel-Noel, VOYAGEUR DES SIECLES (publ. unknown)
      %S ...
    
    Nolan, William F., "The Worlds of Monty Wilson", in _Amazing Stories_ Jul 1971;
         ALIEN HORIZONS (Pocket 1974, 0671779281); and 100 GREAT SCIENCE FICTION
         SHORT SHORT STORIE (eds. Isaac Asimov, Martin H. Greenberg & Joseph D.
         Olander) (Doubleday 1978, 0385130449; Avon 1978, 0380507730)
      %S In 1990, a NASA employee suddenly "shifts" to a timeline where Sirhan
         Sirhan missed Robert Kennedy and Apollo 11 met disaster.
    
    Norden, Eric, THE ULTIMATE SOLUTION (Warner 1973, 0446751545)
      %T Portuguese tr. Eduardo Sals as O ULTIMO JUDEU (Panorama 1973)
      %W FDR was assassinated in 1933.
      %S Police-work in Nazi-occupied New York.
    
    Norton, Andre, THE CROSSROADS OF TIME (Ace 1956; Gregg 1978, 0839824181)
      %S Caught in a fight between crosstimers, a man from our world is stranded on
         one where the Axis attacked US coasts after England's fall.
    -------------, QUEST CROSSTIME (Viking 1965; Ace 1965, 0441696821; vt CROSSTIME
         AGENT, Gollancz 1975)
      %S Further adventures in a world where Richard III won at Bosworth in 1485
         and Cortez's death prevented the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs.
    
    Norton, Andre, WRAITHS OF TIME (Atheneum 1976, 0689500572; Fawcett Crest 1976,
         0449235327; Tor 1992, 0812545727)
      %S Adventures and magic in an African empire of a world where Islam never got
         started.
    
    Norwood, Warren, [& Mel Odom], TIME POLICE: VANISHED (Lynx Omeiga 1988,
         1558020063)
      %S ...
    -----------------------------, TIME POLICE: TRAPPED! (Lynx Omeiga 1989,
         1558020071)
      %S Our hero visits a 1968 where Leslie King, Jr. is president and names Gov.
         Nixon of California his running mate.
    -----------------------------, TIME POLICE: STRANDED (Lynx Omeiga 1989)
      %S ...
    
    Nourse, Alan E., THE UNIVERSE BETWEEN (Paperback Library 1967)
      %S Attempts to transmit matter between planets opens a path to another
         universe, with so much damage the alternate has to destroy the
         transmitter.
    
    Novotny, Frantisek, DLOUHY DEN VALHALY (pul. unknown 1994)
      %S ...
    
    Nurse, Patricia, "One Rejection Too Many", in <IAsfm> Jul/Aug 1978; ASIMOV'S
         CHOICE: EXTRATERRESTRIALS & ECLIPSES (ed. ...) (publ. unknown); INSIDE THE
         FUNHOUSE: 17 SF STORIES ABOUT SF (ed. Mike Resnick) (Avon 1992,
         0380766434)
      %T Portuguese tr. by Cesar Tozzi as "Uma Recusa a Mais", in ASIMOV: O MELHOR
         DA FICCAO CIENTIFICA (ed. ...) (Expressao & Cultura 1980)
      %S A woman submitting SF stories written by a time-traveler to _IAsfm_ gets
         upset with their continual rejection and decides to make some changes.
    
    Nutman, Philip, WET WORK (publ. unknown)
      %W George Bush was re-elected.
      %S ...
    
    Nye, Jody Lynn, "The Father of His Country", in <AP>
      %W Ben Franklin was elected president in 1789 rather than Washington.
      %S Franklin manipulates the government by using pseudonymous newspaper
         writings to influence public opinion, un-nerving Veep John Adams.
    
    Oleinikov, Dmitry, & Sergei Kudryashov, "What If Hitler Had Defeated Russia?",
         in _History_Today_ May 1995
      %S Speculation on the future if Operation Barbarossa had been successful.
    
    Olsen, Per G., "Medaljens bakside", in DOED OG VED GODT MOT I NEW YORK
         (Gyldendal Norsk 1979, 8205116598)
      %W Norway fought a bitter War of Independence against Sweden, 1905-37.
      %S Journalist interviews war veteran.
    
    Olsen, Per G., "I Albions tid", in ASTERVEG (Bok og Magasinforlaget 1989)
      %W Wat Tyler's rebellion in 14th-century England succeeded. Magic works.
      %S Two sailors are stranded in an "Albion" ruled by Dark Magic.
    
    Oltion, Jerry, "Red Alert", in _Analog_ Oct 1991; and <WMHB4>
      %W Montezuma kicked the Spaniards out of Mexico and N AmerInds had similar
         success, leaving only the European colony on Manhattan Island.
      %S The Cuban Missile Crisis, recast in the 1800s as the Iroquois Federation
         inter-tribal air force vs. Manhattan.
    
    Orgill, Michael, "Many Rubicons", in <BT>
      %W MacArthur invaded China against orders and later set himself up as US
         dictator.
      %S MacArthur turns to psychic exploration of alternate possibilities to find
         out where he went wrong.
    
    O'Rourke, P.J., "The Seventies that Never Happened", in _National Lampoon_ Feb
         1980
      %W The counterculture took over the US.
      %S ...
    
    Overgard, William, THE DIVIDE (Jove 1980)
      %W Axis powers using jets and V-4 rockets defeated and partitioned America.
      %S Thirty years later, the American resistance develops the atomic bomb.
    
    Padgett, Lewis, "Tomorrow and Tomorrow", serial in _Astounding_ Jan & Feb 1947;
         TOMORROW AND TOMORROW (Consul 1951); and TOMORROW AND TOMORROW & THE FAIRY
         CHESSMEN (Gnome 1951)
      %S ...
    
    Padgett, Lewis, & C.L. Moore, BEYOND HEAVEN'S GATES (Ace Double #D-69 (Ace
         1954)); rev. of Padgett's "The Portal in the Picture", in _Startling
         Stories_ Sep 1949
      %S A man and woman fall into a non-Christian parallel run by alchemic
         priests, who believe our New York is Paradise.
    
    Page, Jake, THE INVASION (Ballantine, not yet published)
      %S ...
    
    Palmer, Michael A., THE WAR THAT NEVER WAS (Vandamere 1994, 0918339286)
      %S The US and the Soviets slug it out in the 1980s.
    
    Parker, Geoffrey, "If The Armada Had Landed", in _History_ v61, pp 358-368
      %C Primarily an analysis of the relative strengths of Spanish and English
         land forces, but includes speculation on the effect of Spanish landfall.
    
    Parnicki, Teodor, CZAS SIANIA I CZAS ZBIERANIA (publ. unknown)
      %S ...
    
    Parnicki, Teodor, I U MOZNYCH DZIWNY: POWIESC Z WIEKU XVII (Pax 1965, 1979,
         8832110054)
      %S ...
    
    Parnicki, Teodor, MUZA DALEKICH PODROZY: POWIESC (Pax 1970)
      %W The 4th Polish Kingdom was established following the 1793 uprising.
      %S ...
    
    Parnicki, Teodor, SAM WYIDE BEZBRONNY: POWIESC HISTORYCZNO-FANTAZTYCZNA W
         TRZECH CZESCIACH (Pax 1976)
      %W Julian the Apostate survived the Persian campaign and lived until 383.
      %S ...
    
    Parnicki, Teodor, SREBRNE ORLY (Pax 1956, 1960; Czytelnik 1965)
      %W A Polish state was created in the 10th century.
      %S ...
    
    Pearton, Maurice, "If I had been... Adolphe Thiers in 1870", in <IIHB>
      %W Thiers accepted the appointment to be French Minister of War as the
         Franco-Prussian War began.
      %S Thiers's diary demonstrates how he used his position to prevent French
         aggressive action which would provoke a German unification.
    
    Peirce, Hayford, NAPOLEON DISENTIMED (Tor 1987, 0812548981, 081254899X)
      %W The Ottomans invaded Russia c 1697, preventing its rise to power and
         leaving it helpless before Napoleon a century later.
      %S Cross- and vertical time travel adventure involving an attempt to prevent
         Napoleon's European takeover.
    
    Pellegrino, Charles, FLYING TO VALHALLA (Morrow 1993; Avon 1994, 0380718812)
      %W The _Titanic_ did not sink, which led to aviator Harriet Quimby living an
         extra 40 years.
      %C First-contact tale set in 2054, but a digression on pp. 178-179 reveals
         that it's not quite set in our future.
    
    Perello, Chris, "Mason-Dixon", in _Command_ #35 (Nov 1995)
      %W Grant was killed during the Vicksburg campaign, and the South won at
         Gettysburg as a result of Pender's Charge. All leads to Lincoln losing to
         McClellan in the 1864 election.
      %S Article component, subtitled "Could the South Have Won the Civil War?",
         presents likely branch point and a short bibliography. Game component,
         "The Second American Civil War", is more explicit, offering a timeline to
         c. 1900, when the two N American powers have expanded as much as they can
         without conflict.
    
    Percy, H.R., "Letter from America", in <BT>; and VISIONS FROM THE EDGE (ed. ...
         Bell) (Pottersfield 1981)
      %W The French won the Battle of Quebec and took over Britain's American
         territories at the end of the French and Indian War.
      %S An annotated letter from a 1975 Boston terrorist seeking Soviet aid for a
         British-American revolt against the Republic of New France.
    
    Person, Lawrence, "Details", in <IAsfm> Apr 1991
      %S A man tries to cope with slow but steady reality shifts.
    
    Person, Lawrence, "Huddled Masses", in <AP>
      %W Walter Mondale beat Ronald Reagan in the 1984 election, and Nicaragua took
         the opportunity to export revolution.
      %S In 1989, while US forces intervene in the Mexican civil war, refugees
         overwhelm the Immigration and Naturalization Service in Houston.
    
    Pervuhin, Mikhail, ""PUGACHEV THE WINNER"" (... 1924)
      %W Pugachev's rebellion in Russia was not suppressed and he attacked Moscow.
      %S ...
    
    Petrie, Charles, "If: A Jacobite Fantasy", in _Weekly Westminster_ 30 Jan 1926;
         THE JACOBITE MOVEMENT: THE LAST PHASE, 1716-1807 (Eyre & Spottiswoode
         1950); and <IIHHO> (1972, 1974 eds. only)
      %W In 1745, Bonnie Prince Charlie decided at Derby to continue his advance
         into England and the Hanoverians fled.
      %S Review of the Stuart restoration and speculation on how the Hanoverians
         would have mucked things up, particularly in America.
    
    Pfaffe, Ivan, "Eisenhowers schwester Fehler: Wie die Tschechoslowakei fur den
         Westen verlorenging", in _Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung_ 23 Feb 1985
      %S ...
    
    Pignotti, Lorenzo, STORIA DELLA TOSCANA SINO AL PRINCIPATO: CON DIVERSI SAGGI
         SULLE SCIENZE, LETTERE E ARTI (Didot 1813-14; Marchini 1821; Gaetano Ducci
         1826)
      %T English tr. by John Browning as THE HISTORY OF TUSCANY (Black, Young &
         Young 1823)
      %W Lorenzo de Medici did not die in 1492.
      %S He saves Italy from foreign invasion and Europe from the Protestants.
    
    Piper, H. Beam, "Crossroads of Destiny", in _Fantastic Universe_ Jul 1959; and
         THE WORLDS OF H. BEAM PIPER (Ace 1983, 0441910521)
      %W George Washington died at Germantown.
      %S TV execs discuss an AH TV series, not realizing one participant is from a
         different timeline.
    
    Piper, H. Beam, PARATIME (Ace 1981, 0441651690)
      %S Tales of the Paratime Police guarding crosstime byways.
      %C Except for "He Walked Around the Horses", all Earths shown are exotic
         locales with no clear divergence from (or similarity to) ours.
    (------------), "He Walked Around the Horses", in _Astounding_ Apr 1948; WORLD
         OF WONDER (ed. Fletcher Pratt) (Twayne 1951); BEST SF 3 (ed. Edmund
         Crispin) (Faber 1958); ASPECTS OF SCIENCE FICTION (ed. Geoff Doherty)
         (Billings 1959; J. Murray 1963; Billings 1970, 0719522153); SCIENCE
         FICTION THROUGH THE AGES 2 (ed. I.O. Evans) (Panther 1966); A SCIENCE
         FICTION ARGOSY (ed. Damon Knight) (Simon & Schuster 1972, 0671211269);
         SPACE MAIL (eds. Isaac Asimov, Martin H. Greenberg & Joseph Olander) 
         
         (Fawcett 1980); ISAAC ASIMOV'S SCIENCE FICTION TREASURY (eds. Isaac Asimov, Martin 
         H. Greenberg & Joseph Olander) (Bonanza 1980, 0517336359); THE GOLDEN AGE
         OF SCIENCE FICTION (ed. Kingsley Amis) (Hutchinson 1981; Penguin 1983);
         THE GREAT SF STORIES: 10 (eds. Isaac Asimov & Martin H. Greenberg) (DAW
         1983); <AH>; and THE AMIS STORY ANTHOLOGY: A PERSONAL CHOICE OF SHORT
         STORIES (ed. Kingsley Amis) (Hutchinson 1992)
      %T German tr. by Lore Strassl as "Der Mann, der um die Pferde herumging", in
         <SVW>
      %W Burgoyne won at Saratoga, forestalling American independence and the Age
         of Revolution.
      %S Germans investigate a man claiming to be a British diplomat and carrying
         documents regarding some nonexistent French emperor named Napoleon.
    (------------), "Police Operation", in _Astounding_ Jul 1948; SPACE POLICE (ed.
         Andre Norton) (Cleveland 1956); ANALOG: THE BEST OF SCIENCE FICTION (ed.
         anon.) (publ. unknown); and THE BEST OF ASTOUNDING (ed. Tony Lewis)
         (Baronet 1978, 0894370243)
      %S ...
    (------------), "Last Enemy", in _Astounding_ Aug 1950; ASTOUNDING SF ANTHOLOGY
         (ed. John W. Campbell) (Simon & Schuster 1952); and <BAW>
      %S ...
    (------------), "Temple Trouble", in _Astounding_ Apr 1951
      %S ...
    (------------), "Time Crime", in _Astounding_ Feb-Mar 1955
      %S ...
    --------------, LORD KALVAN OF OTHERWHEN (Ace 1965, 0441490557; Garland 1975,
         082401420X; vt GUNPOWDER GOD, Sphere 1978); fixup of "Gunpowder God", in
         _Analog_ Nov 1964 and TIME WARS (eds. Charles G. Waugh & Martin H.
         Greenberg)  (Tor 1986, 0812530489, 0812530497); and "Down Styphon", in
         _Analog_ November 1965 and ROBERT ADAMS' BOOK OF SOLDIERS (eds. Robert 
         
         Adams, et al) (Signet 1988, 0451155599)
      %W Bronze Age Indo-Aryans crossed the Bering straight to colonize America.
      %S A Penn state trooper is transported to a N America where priests of
         Styphon exert political control through their monopoly on gunpowder.
      %C Lord Kalvan sequels are Green & Carr's GREAT KINGS' WAR and "Siege at
         Tarr-Hostigos" and Carr & Green's "Kalvan Kingmaker".
    
    Pirie-Gordon, C.H.: see Rolfe, Frederick William, & C.H. Pirie-Gordon
    
    Pitney, John J., Jr., "What If There Were Three Major Parties?", in WHAT IF THE
         AMERICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM WERE DIFFERENT? (ed. Herbert M. Levine) (M.E.
         Sharpe 1992, 1563240092, 1563240106)
      %W FDR was killed in 1933, and when Jack Garner instituted no New Deal, Huey
         Long ran for president in 36 as a Populist.
      %C The many ways in which presidential elections could get hung up in the
         Electoral College or Congress if there were three equi-strength parties.
    
    Pohl, Frederick, THE COMING OF THE QUANTUM CATS (Bantam 1986, 0553257862)
      %S In a US ruled by a militaristic regime, crosstime travel is used to steal
         better technology. Several versions of the same person get caught up.
    
    Pohl, Frederick, "The Deadly Mission of Phineas Snodgrass", in _Galaxy_ Jun
         1962; DAY MILLION (Ballantine 1970); IN THE PROBLEM PIT (Bantam 1976); 100
         GREAT SCIENCE FICTION SHORT SHORT STORIE (eds. Isaac Asimov, Martin H.
         Greenberg & Joseph D. Olander) (Doubleday 1978, 0385130449; Avon 1978,
         0380507730)
      %T Portuguese tr. by Jose Sanz as "A Missao Mortal de P. Snodgrass", in DIA
         MILHAO (Jose Olympio 1975)
      %S A man travels back to 1 AD Rome and teaches modern medicine, causing a
         population explosion.
      %C Satire of de Camp's LEST DARKNESS FALL.
    
    Pohl, Frederick, "Let the Ants Try", in _Planet Stories_ Winter 1949; BEYOND
         THE END OF TIME (Doubleday 1952; PermaBooks 1952); and ALTERNATING
         CURRENTS (Ballantine 1956)
      %S Following a nuclear war, a scientist carries some mutated ants 40 Myr into
         the past and returns to find his present irrevocably altered.
    
    Pohl, Frederick, "Target One", in _Galaxy_ Apr 1955; and ALTERNATING CURRENTS
         (Ballantine 1956)
      %S Victims of a nuclear war decide to go back in time and kill Einstein.
    
    Pohl, Frederik, "The Reunion at the Mile-High", in FOUNDATION'S FRIENDS:
         STORIES IN HONOR OF ISAAC ASIMOV (ed. Martin H. Greenberg) (Tor 1989,
         0312931743; Tor 1990, 0812509803); and INSIDE THE FUNHOUSE: 17 SF STORIES
         ABOUT SF (ed. Mike Resnick) (Avon 1992, 0380766434)
      %W Hearing about Einstein's letter to FDR, a biochemist wrote a similar
         letter proposing a crash study of biological warfare.
      %S Fred Pohl attends the 50th anniversary meeting of The Futurians and
         listens to Isaac Asimov tell a reporter about the typhus bomb.
    
    Pohl, Frederick, "Waiting for the Olympians", in <IAsfm> Aug 1988; THE 1989
         ANNUAL WORLD'S BEST SF (eds. Donald A. Wollheim & Arthur W. Saha) (DAW
         1989) <WMHB1>
      %T Portuguese tr. by Fabio Fernandes as "Esperando os Olimpianos", in _Isaac
         Asimov Magazine de Ficcao Cientifica_ #3
      %W Jesus was not executed for sedition and Rome never fell. Two millennia
         later, aliens announce their imminent arrival.
      %S It is suggested to a sci-rom author in a rut that he try writing a "What
         If?" book, but he can't see the point of it.
    
    Polsby, Nelson W., "What If Robert Kennedy Had Not Been Assassinated (1968)",
         in <WIESSF>
      %W As the title says.
      %C Kennedy would not have been the Democratic candidate, but as Humphrey's
         veep, he would have led party reform and accelerated Vietnam withdrawal.
    
    Powlesland, Aidan, "Prelude to War: Poland, pivot of history: 1st August 1939-1
         November 1939", in _Miniature Wargames_ #70 (Mar 1989)
      %W Poland and Germany signed a non-agression pact in September 1939.
      %C Outline of Aug to Nov, including Britain's retreat to isolation and civil
         strife in France, as Germany prepares for Operation Attila in Dec.
    
    Poyer, David C., THE SHILOH PROJECT (Avon 1981, 0380787334)
      %W Pickett's Charge succeeded and the Confederacy won at Gettysburg, leading
         to British recognition of the CSA and Confederate independence.
      %S 120 years later, both Confederacy and Underground Railroad plan to hijack
         a Union nuclear artillery shell being shipped past Hampton Roads.
    
    Poyer, Joe, TUNNEL WAR (Atheneum 1979, 068911009X)
      %W Construction of the Chunnel started 80 years earlier.
      %S Germany attempts to sabotage the project in 1911.
    
    Pratt, Fletcher, THE BLUE STAR (Ballantine 1969; Ballantine 1975, 0345245377);
         rev. of "The Blue Star", in WITCHES THREE (Twayne 1952)
      %W Gunpowder was never invented. Also, magic works.
      %S ...
    
    Purdom, Tom, "The Redemption of August", in _Asimov's Science Fiction_ Mar 1993
      %W Von Kluck did not modify the Schlieffen plan and attacked Paris from the
         front rather than behind.
      %S Two time travelers fight to affect the events of Aug 1914, each believing
         his personal timeline is better replaced by another.
    
    Purser, Philip, "Alternative Biography: Margaret Thatcher", in _The Oldie_ #30
         (2 Apr 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Ron Reagan", in _The Oldie_ #31 (16 Apr
         1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Germaine Greer", in _The Oldie_ #32 (5
         May 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Paul Johnson", in _The Oldie_ #33 (30
         May 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Roy Hattersley", in _The Oldie_ #35 (11
         Jun 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Antonia Fraser", in _The Oldie_ #36 (25
         Jun 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Clive James", in _The Oldie_ #37 (9 Jul
         1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: John Birt", in _The Oldie_ #38 (23 Jul
         1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Fiona Pitt-Keithley", in _The Oldie_
         #39 (6 Aug 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Chris Patten", in _The Oldie_ #40 (20
         Aug 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: John Patten", in _The Oldie_ #40 (20
         Aug 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Dirk Bogarde", in _The Oldie_ #41 (3
         Sep 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Auberon Waugh", in _The Oldie_ #42 (17
         Sep 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Peregrine Worsthorne", in _The Oldie_
         #43 (1 Oct 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Edwina Currie", in _The Oldie_ #44 (15
         Oct 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Kenneth Clarke", in _The Oldie_ #45 (29
         Oct 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Nigel Kennedy", in _The Oldie_ #46 (12
         Nov 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: David Hockney", in _The Oldie_ #47 (26
         Nov 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Betty Boothroyd", in _The Oldie_ #48
         (10 Dec 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Melvyn Bragg", in _The Oldie_ #49 (24
         Dec 1993)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Clint Jefferson", in _The Oldie_ #50 (7
         Jan 1994)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: David Jenkins", in _The Oldie_ #51 (14
         Jan 1994)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Justice Rantzen", in _The Oldie_ #52 (4
         Feb 1994)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: John Major", in _The Oldie_ #53 (18 Feb
         1994)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Lord Waterhouse", in _The Oldie_ #54 (4
         Mar 1994)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Lady Diana Spencer", in _The Oldie_ #55
         (18 Mar 1994)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Lorena Bobbitt", in _The Oldie_ #56 (1
         Apr 1994)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Brian Clough", in _The Oldie_ #57 (15
         Apr 1994)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: Andrew Neil", in _The Oldie_ #58 (29
         Apr 1994)
    --------------, "Alternative Biography: General John Osborne", in _The Oldie_
         #59 (13 May 1994)
      %S Short humorous sketches of different lives that famous people might have
         led.
    
    Quarrie, Bruce, HITLER: THE VICTORY THAT NEARLY WAS (David & Charles 1988,
         0715392158; Guild 1989)
      %W Germany started a 'Manhattan Project' in 1939 and postponed Barbarossa
         until 1942, and the Japanese did not attack Pearl Harbor until Sep 42.
      %S Detailed description of WW2 from Malta to Beria's capitulation of the
         Soviet Union in Jun 43, with an afterword about the A-bombing of New York.
    
    Quilliet, Bernard, LA VERITABLE HISTOIRE DE FRANCE (Presses de la Renaissance
         1983, 2856162754)
      %S ...
    
    Raine, Craig, 1953 (Faber 1990)
      %S An adaptation of Racine's ANDROMACHE set in a post-WWII Britain in which
         the Greeks become the Germans, the Trojans the British (and therefore the
         losers) and Mussolini's son, Vittorio, rules the country.
      %C A play first presented at the Citizen's Theater in Glasgow in 1992.
    
    Randle, Kevin, & Robert Cornett, REMEMBER THE ALAMO! (Charter 1988)
      %S ...
    -------------------------------, REMEMBER GETTYSBURG! (Charter 1986)
      %S A team travels back in time to prevent a Confederate victory and the
         consequent Nazi victory in WW2.
    -------------------------------, REMEMBER THE LITTLE BIGHORN! (Charter 1990,
         1557733309)
      %S A remnant of the team goes back to prevent George Armstrong Custer from
         being elected president in 1880.
    
    Reginald, Robert, & Jeffrey M. Elliot, IF J.F.K. HAD LIVED: A POLITICAL
         SCENARIO (Borgo 1982); rev. of Reginald's THE ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF
         JOHN F. KENNEDY: A POLITICAL FANTASY (Borgo 1976)
      %S A Lord President of the US remembers his boyhood during the early 1960s.
    
    Reich, Tova, "Mengele in Jerusalem", in _Harper's_ Jun 1986
      %W Josef Mengele, the Nazi doctor, hid in Jerusalem,
      %S The search for Mengele has an unusual conclusion.
    
    Reilly, Rick, "What If? Short By a Nose", in _Sports Illustrated [Classic]_
         Fall 1992 (vol 77, no 17)
      %W A sneeze by Jerry Kramer resulted in the Dallas Cowboys winning the 1967
         NFL championship rather than the Green Bay Packers.
      %S The decisive play of the game, plus comments on the futures of Kramer, the
         Packers and the Cowboys.
    
    Remillard, Colin, "All the Changling Worlds", in _Science Fiction Review_ Apr
         1992
      %S A man searches various alternate worlds for one in which a friend does not
         go insane, visiting one where the Vietnam War dragged on to 1989.
    
    Renouvier, Charles, UCHRONIE (L'UTOPIE DANS L'HISTOIRE), ESQUISSE HISTORIQUE
         APOCRYPHE DU DEVELOPMENT DE LA CIVILISATION EUROPEENNE TEL QU'IL N'A PAS
         ETE, TEL QU'IL AURAIT PU ETRE (Bureau de la Critique Philosophique 1876;
         Alcan 1901; Artheme Fayard 1988); rev. of title unknown, in _Revue
         philosophique et religieuse_ ... 1857
      %W Marcus Aurelius helped reform the Roman army, free the slaves, repress the
         Christians and avert the Dark Ages.
      %S Narrative of a 17th-century man about to be executed by the Inquisition.
    
    Resnick, Laura, "Amandla!", in <AT>
      %S ...
    
    Resnick, Laura, "A Fleeting Wisp of Glory", in <AK>; and _Galaxy_ #3 (May/Jun
         1994)
      %W The Cuban missile crisis blew up.
      %S Centuries after Armageddon, legends of the two Camelots become entwined.
    
    Resnick, Laura, "The Vatican Outfit", <AW>
      %W Mafiosi warned Pope John Paul I of his imminent assassination.
      %S After numerous assassination attempts, John Paul adopts a new management
         style to run the church.
    
    Resnick, Laura, "Saint Frankie", in <AO>
      %S St. Francis of Assisi heard slightly different voices, and was a bit more
         helpful assisting the rich renounce property and wealth.
    
    Resnick, Laura, "Under a Sky More Fiercely Blue", in <BAOF>
      %W Lucky Luciano really was sent on a secret mission to Sicily in 1943.
      %S A boy older than his years guides Luciano to the home of a local capo.
    
    Resnick, Laura, "We Are Not Amused", in <AP>
      %W Victoria Woodhull, the first female candidate, was elected US president in
         1872.
      %S Series of letters from Queen Victoria to the radical feminist president,
         at first expressing approval but not later.
    
    Resnick, Mike, "The Bull Moose at Bay", in <IAsfm> Nov 1991; and <AP>
      %W Theodore Roosevelt was not wounded during the 1912 assassination attempt,
         leaving him healthy enough to successfully campaign for president.
      %S Four years later, as TR anticipates defeat by Woodrow Wilson, he discusses
         women's suffrage with various friends and allies.
    
    Resnick, Mike, "Bully!", in BULLY! (Axolotl 1990); <IAsfm> Sep 1991; BWANA &
         BULLY! (Tor SF Double #33) (Tor 1991, 0812512464); STALKING THE WILD
         RESNICK (NESFA ...); and WILL THE LAST PERSON TO LEAVE THE PLANET PLEASE
         SHUT OFF THE SUN? (Tor 1992, 0312852762; Tor/Orb 1994, 0312890109)
      %W When told during a 1910 safari that 50 white men would join him to tame
         Africa, Teddy Roosevelt did not turn the offer down.
      %S How TR tried to create a republic of the Congo, ousting the Belgians but
         ultimately failing due to the non-democratic traditions of the natives.
      %C Nominee: 1991 Hugo for best novella, 1991 Nebula for best novella.
    
    Resnick, Mike, "How Jerry Phipps Won His Hugo", in <AWC>
      %S ...
    
    Resnick, Mike, "Lady in Waiting", in <AK>
      %W Marilyn Monroe did not become an actress.
      %S Washington, DC, waitress Norma Jean gets picked up by the president for a
         one-night stand and futilely dreams of becoming first lady.
    
    Resnick, Mike, "The Light That Blinds, the Claws That Catch", in <IAsfm> Jul
         1992; and WILL THE LAST PERSON TO LEAVE THE PLANET PLEASE SHUT OFF THE
         SUN? (Tor 1992, 0312852762; Tor/Orb 1994, 0312890109)
      %W Alice Roosevelt did not die on 14 Feb 1884.
      %S To protect his wife's fragile health, husband Teddy lives a quiet life as
         a naturalist, but dreams of greater accomplishments.
    
    Resnick, Mike, "Mwalimu in the Squared Circle", in _Asimov's Science Fiction_
         Mar 1993; <AW>, and THE YEAR'S BEST SCIENCE FICTION, ELEVENTH ANNUAL
         COLLECTION (ed. Gardner Dozois) (St. Martin's 1994; SFBC 1994; vt THE BEST
         NEW SCIENCE FICTION: 8TH ANNUAL COLLECTION, Robinson 1994, 1854873105)
      %W In order to end the Tanzania-Uganda war of 1980, Julius Nyrere accepted
         Idi Amin's challenge to a boxing match
      %S Outweighed by 200 pounds, Nyrere struggles to stay alive in the boxing
         ring.
      %C Nominee: 1994 Hugo for best short story.
    
    Resnick, Mike, "Over There", in <IAsfm> Apr 1991; <WMHB3>; and WILL THE LAST
         PERSON TO LEAVE THE PLANET PLEASE SHUT OFF THE SUN? (Tor 1992, 0312852762;
         Tor/Orb 1994, 0312890109)
      %W Under duress, Woodrow Wilson in May 1917 gave Teddy Roosevelt permission
         to re-form the Rough Riders and go to France.
      %S TR discovers that the natures of war and the enemy have changed in 20
         years.
    
    Reynolds, Mack, & Dean Ing, THE OTHER TIME (Simon & Schuster 1984; Baen 1984,
         0671559264)
      %S An archaeologist is displaced in time and has a chance to witness the
         Spanish conquest of Mexico. He wonders if he can change history.
    
    Reynolds, Mack: see also Derleth, August, & Mack Reynolds
    
    Reynolds, Pamela, EARTH TIMES TWO (Lothrop, Lee & Shepherd 1970)
      %S Crosstime adventure on a world where telepathic research replaced the
         advance of technology.
    
    Richard-Bessiere, F., CROISIERE DANS LE TEMPS (Fleuve Noir 1951)
      %W Time travelers prevented the assassination of Henri IV in 1610.
      %S France unifies Europe, but world war begins a century later and
         civilization collapses in the 20th century.
    
    Richards, R.W., A SOUTHERN YARN (Rokarn 1990)
      %W Lee's Army of Northern Virginia defeated Grant's Army of the Potomac at Ox
         Ford in spring 1864 and later captured Washington.
      %S Story of Lee, Grant and a fictional sergeant during May and June 1864.
      %C Non-AH prequel is BROTHERS IN GRAY.
    
    Richards, John Thomas, "Minor Alteration", in <f&sf> Dec 1965
      %W John Wilkes Booth decided to leave Washington before killing Abraham
         Lincoln.
      %S A man troubled by dreams that he is Booth convinces his doctor to
         hypnotize him, and awakes in an unhappy world dominated by Britain.
    
    Richardson, Hal, "The Time of Fear", serial in _Melbourne Argus_ 28 Jul-6 Sep
         1956
      %W Japan won the Battle of the Coral Sea.
      %S Life in occupied Australia.
    
    Riddell, Peter, "If Tony Benn had won", in _Times of London_ 17 Aug 1992
      %S Several short scenarios based on what-ifs in British politics between 1974
         and 1990.
    
    Rigaut, Jacques, "Un brillant sujet", in _Litterature_ #18 (Mar 1921); and
         PAPIERS POSTHUMES (Sans Pareil 1934)
      %S A time traveler poisons Jesus, does plastic surgery on Cleopatra, etc.
    
    Riker, William H., "What If Elbridge Gerry Had Been More Rational and Less
         Patriotic? (1787)", in <WIESSF>
      %W Massachusetts delegate Gerry votes against a Constitutional proposal,
         causing the entire convention to collapse.
      %C Speculation on the Balkanization of N America, begun by armed conflict
         between New York and New England for Vermont.
    
    Ritch, William Alan: see Linaweaver, Brad, & Ritch, William Alan
    
    Robban, Randolph, SI L'ALLEMAGNE AVAIT VAINCU (Editions de la Tour du Guet
         1950)
      %T German tr. by ... as WENN DEUTSCHLAND GESEIGT HATTE (Kohlhammer 1981)
      %W Germany won WW2 using atomic weapons.
      %S A diplomat imagines a world in which Germany lost.
    
    Roberts, John Maddox, KING OF THE WOOD (Doubleday 1983, 0385175841; Tor 1986,
         0812552067, 0812552075)
      %W Pagan Vikings fleeing forced conversion to Christianity established strong
         settlements in N America, and were later joined by Saxons.
      %S An outlaw Saxon prince from eastern N America takes part in the Mongol
         conquest of Mexico.
    
    Roberts, Keith, PAVANE (Hart-Davis 1968; Doubleday 1968; Ace 1968, 0441654304;
         Berkley 1976; Gollancz 1984; Gollancz 1995)
      %T German tr. by Thomas Schluck as DIE FOLGENSCHWERE ERMORDUNG IHRER MAJESTAT
         ELISABETH I. (Heyne 1977; vt PAVANE, Heyne 1984)
      %T Portuguese tr. by ... as PAVANA (Classica 1992)
      %W Elizabeth I was assassinated, the Armada triumphed, and Europe and the New
         World languished under 500 years of Church rule.
      %C 1968 Hart-Davis ed. does not include "The White Boat".
      %C See also the reference mat'l entry for Roberts' "The Peacock Dance".
    (------------), "The Signaller", in _Impulse_ Mar 1966; ANOTHER WORLD: A
         SCIENCE FICTION ANTHOLOGY (ed. Gardner Dozois) (Follett 1977, 0695806955);
         and THE BEST OF BRITISH SF 2 (ed. ... Ashley) (Futura 1977)
    (------------), "The Lady Anne" (vt "The Lady Margaret"), in _Impulse_ Apr
         1966; A DAY IN THE LIFE: A SCIENCE FICTION ANTHOLOGY (ed. Gardner Dozois)
         (Harper & Row 1972, 0060110767); <AH>; and THE LEGEND BOOK OF SCIENCE
         FICTION (ed. Gardner Dozois) (Legend 1991; vt MODERN CLASSICS OF SCIENCE
         FICTION, St. Martin's 1992, 0312072384; St. Martin's 1993, 0312088477)
    (------------), "Brother John", in _Impulse_ May 1966
    (------------), "Lords and Ladies" in _Impulse_ Jun 1966
    (------------), "Corfe Gate", in _Impulse_ Jul 1966
    (------------), "The White Boat", in _New Worlds_ Dec 1966; THE GRAIN
         KINGS (Hutchinson 1976); and THE PASSING OF THE DRAGON (Berkley 1976)
      %S Steam locomotives and heroic semaphore operators represent modern-day
         high-tech. Secret quasi-priesthood of scientists hunted by Inquisition.
    
    Roberts, Keith, "Weihnachtsabend", in NEW WORLDS QUARTERLY NO. 4 (ed. Michael
         Moorcock) (Berkley 1972); THE GRAIN KINGS (Hutchinson 1976); THE PASSING
         OF THE DRAGON (Berkley 1976); <HV>; and THE WORLD TREASURY OF SCIENCE
         FICTION (ed. David G. Hartwell) (Little, Brown 1989, 0316349410)
      %T German tr. by Michael Nagula as "Weihnachtsabend", in <SVW>
      %T German tr. by Tony Westermayr as "Weihnachtsabend", in DIE NEUEN GOETTER
         (Goldmann 1979)
      %W A junta overthrew George VI and Churchill in 1940, then made peace with
         the Axis.
      %S A girl disappears during the joint celebration of Christmas and the Hunt
         on a British estate.
    
    Roberts, Ralph, "How the South Preserved the Union", in <AP>
      %W In 1849, Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore were killed in an accident,
         elevating the Senate president pro tem to the US presidency.
      %S David Atchison's presence in the White House provokes the abolitionist
         North into secession, leading to a different Civil War.
    
    Robinett, Stephen, "Helbent 4", in _Galaxy_ Oct 1975; THE BEST FROM GALAXY
         VOLUME IV (ed. Jim Baen) (Award 1976); BEST SCIENCE FICTION STORIES OF THE
         YEAR, FIFTH ANNUAL COLLECTION (ed. Lester Del Rey) (Dutton 1976,
         052506494X); and THE 1976 ANNUAL WORLD'S BEST SF (eds. Donald A. Wollheim
         & Arthur W. Saha) (DAW 1976)
      %S A "man" sent to fight aliens returns to Earth 300 years later but it isn't
         the Earth he left. The new one thinks he's the menace.
    
    Robinson, Frank M., "Causes", in <AT>
      %S ...
    
    Robinson, Frank M., "Hail, Hail, Rock and Roll", in <AWC>
      %S ...
    
    Robinson, Frank M., "One Month in 1907", in <AO>
      %W Hugo Gernsback was screwed in a business deal by Charles Ponzi.
      %S The lives of the two men are swapped, with the former originating the
         infamous "Gernsback Scheme" and the latter sf magazines.
    
    Robinson, Kim Stanley, "The Lucky Strike", in UNIVERSE 14 (ed. Terry Carr)
         (Doubleday 1984; Tor 1986, 0812532716, 0812532724); THE BEST SCIENCE
         FICTION OF THE YEAR #14 (ed. Terry Carr) (Gollancz 1985, 0575037148,
         0575037474; vt TERRY CARR'S BEST SCIENCE FICTION OF THE YEAR, Tor 1985,
         0812532732, 0812532740); NEBULA AWARDS 20: SFWA'S CHOICE FOR THE BEST
         SCIENCE FICTION AND FANTASY OF THE YEAR 1984 (ed. George Zebrowski) (HBJ
         1985, 0151649278, 0156654776); THE YEAR'S BEST SCIENCE FICTION, SECOND ANNUAL 
         COLLECTION (ed. Gardner Dozois) (Bluejay 1985, 0312944853, 0312944845);
         <AH>; THE PLANET ON THE TABLE (Tor 1987, 0812552377, 0812552385); THERE
         WON'T BE WAR (eds. Harry Harrison & Bruce McAllister) (Tor 1991,
         0712519418); THE NORTON BOOK OF SCIENCE FICTION: NORTH AMERICAN SCIENCE
         FICTION, 1960-1990 (eds. Ursula K. LeGuin & Brian Attebery) (Norton 1993,
         0393034568); REMAKING HISTORY AND OTHER STORIES (Tor/Orb 1994,
         0312890125); and <WIW>
      %T German tr. by Michael Nagula as "Der Flug de Lucky Strike", in <SVW>
      %T German tr. by Michael Windgassen as "Lucky Strike", in <HSL>
      %T Portuguese tr. by Paula Reis as "The Lucky Strike", in PLANETA SOBRE A
         MESA (Caminho 1988)
      %W The "Enola Gay" crashed on a practice flight.
      %S The "Lucky Strike" is selected to bomb Hiroshima, but its bombardier is
         horrified by the power of the atomic bomb.
      %C Nominee: 1984 Nebula for best novelette, 1985 Hugo for best novelette.
    ---------------------, "A Sensitive Dependence on Initial Conditions", in
         _Interzone_ #49 (Jul 1991); Author's Choice Monthly #20; REMAKING HISTORY
         (Tor 1991, 031285126X); and REMAKING HISTORY AND OTHER STORIES (Tor/Orb
         1994, 0312890125)
      %C An essay on quantum physics and AH, with various possible outcomes of the
         bombing of Hiroshima described.
    
    Robinson, Kim Stanley, "Remaking History", in <IAsfm> Mar 1989; <WMHB1>;
         REMAKING HISTORY (Tor 1991, 031285126X); and REMAKING HISTORY AND OTHER
         STORIES (Tor/Orb 1994, 0312890125)
      %W The 1980 rescue of the hostages in Iran succeeded.
      %S A lunar film company remakes the DeNiro classic ESCAPE FROM TEHERAN and
         discusses Great Men and Women.
    
    Rochelle, Warren G., "A Peaceful Heart", in _Aboriginal_ May/Jun 1989
      %W The Confederacy gained independence. 100 years later, civilization along
         the eastern seaboard has fallen apart due to biological warfare.
      %S In 1978, a man raising two orphan boys on a N Carolina island must cope
         with the eldest's desire to find out what's happening on the mainland.
    
    Rodgers, Alan, "Ruby", in FULL SPECTRUM 5 (eds. Jennifer Hershey, Tom Dupree &
         Janna Silverstein) (Bantam 1995, 0553374001)
      %W Wendell Wilkie was elected president in 1940 and delayed the US entry into
         WW2 until just months before the Nazi-Soviet-Japanese Axis completed the
         conquest of Eurasia.
      %S Lee Oswald rises to power in Soviet America but must always worry about
         ally-foe "Ruby Jack" Kennedy.
    
    Rolfe, Frederick William, & C.H. Pirie-Gordon, HUBERT'S ARTHUR: BEING CERTAIN
         CURIOUS DOCUMENTS FOUND AMONG THE LITERARY REMAINS OF MR. N.C. (Cassell
         1935; Arno 1978, 0405110057)
      %W Arthur Plantagenet escaped from King John.
      %S Arthur becomes King of Jerusalem and later returns to England to overthrow
         his uncle.
    
    Romano, Deane, FLIGHT FROM TIME ONE (Walker 1972, 0802755542; Fitzhenry &
         Whiteside 1972)
      %W The Qarmatian Muslims enjoyed further victories after Basra _or_ Great
         Britain capitulated to the Nazis.
      %S An astral disarmamament inspector discovers a crosstime Nazi plot to
         destroy his timeline, Time One.
    
    Rotsler, William, "Which Came First", in _Analog_ Dec 1995
      %S A time traveler accidentally breaks a dinosaur egg and returns to discover
         world has changed.
    
    Rowder, Louise, "CruiseCon", in <AWC>
      %S ...
    
    Rowder, Louise, "The Symmetry of Duty", in <AT>
      %S ...
    
    Roy, Archie, ALL EVIL SHED AWAY (John Long 1970; Apogee 1986)
      %W Churchill was assassinated in June 1940 and an armistice followed, then
         invasion and occupation.
      %S In our 1945, two officers find a manuscript written by a time traveler
         from occupied Britain 1970 who decided to set things right.
    
    Rucker, Rudy, THE HOLLOW EARTH: THE NARRATIVE OF MASON ALGIERS REYNOLDS OF
         VIRGINIA (Morrow 1990, 0688094139; Avon/AvoNova 1992, 0380755351)
      %S In 1836, an expedition including Edgar Allen Poe set out for the S Pole to
         locate the entrance to the Earth's hollow interior.
    
    Rucker, Rudy, & Paul Di Filippo, "Instability", in <WMHB2>
      %W Members of the Beat Generation decided to disrupt an H-bomb test.
      %S William S. Burroughs, Jack Kerouac and John von Neumann intersect at White
         Sands.
    
    Rusch, Kristine Kathryn, "ApocalypseCon", in <AWC>
      %S ...
    
    Rusch, Kristine Kathryn, "The Arrival of Truth", in <AW>
      %W Sojourner Truth marched through the South telling the slaves to take what
         is theirs.
      %S Slaves at a Virginia plantation await Truth's coming.
    
    Rusch, Kristine Kathryn, "The Best and the Brightest", in <AK>
      %W Robert Kennedy was elected president in 1964.
      %S A black reporter faces a personal crisis when he is given evidence that
         RFK ordered an assassination attempt on Martin Luther King, Jr.
    
    Rusch, Kristine Kathryn, "Common Sense", in <AO>
      %W Thomas Paine did not emigrate to America.
      %S A highborn Englishwoman witnesses Paine's trial for treason, while Ben
         Franklin worries about finding a voice for the American rebels.
    
    Rusch, Kristine Kathryn, "Faith", in <AT>
      %S ...
    
    Rusch, Kristine Kathryn, "Fighting Bob", in <AP>
      %W Progressive Party candidate Robert La Follette was elected US president in
         1924, but died in 1925 during a stalemate with Congress.
      %S Six years later, family, friends and enemies of La Follette meet to argue
         over the Wisconsin Senate race, breaking open old wounds.
    
    Rusch, Kristine Kathryn, "Sinner-Saints", in <f&sf> May 1993; and <BAOF>
      %W Lillian Hellman joined a third party movement and ran for the US Senate,
         losing lover Dashiell Hammett as a consequence.
      %S 15 years later, in the midst of the Communist witch hunts, Sen. Hellman
         must decide how much to admit regarding her relationship with Hammett.
    
    Russ, Joanna, THE FEMALE MAN (Bantam 1975, 0553111752; Gregg 1977, 0839823517;
         Beacon 1986, 0807063134; Easton 1994); included in RADICAL UTOPIAS
         (Book-of-the-Month Club 1990)
      %T German tr. by Werner Fuchs as PLANET DER FRAUEN (Dromer Knaur 1979)
      %S Interaction of a woman from a future where a plague killed all men, a
         1960s woman from a timeline where WW2 didn't happen, and the author.
    
    Rutman, Leo, CLASH OF EAGLES (Ballantine 1990)
      %W The Nazis enjoyed enough success in Europe that they could invade the US.
      %S ...
    
    Ryan, J.B., "The Mosaic", in _Astounding_ Jul 1940
      %S A time-traveler from Arabic America alters the outcome at Tours.
    
    Saberhagen, Fred, A CENTURY OF PROGRESS (Tor 1983, 0523485689, 0812553411,
         081255342X)
      %S A man is recruited into helping a group fighting Hitler in all timelines.
    
    Saberhagen, Fred, THE MASK OF THE SUN (Ace 1979; Tor 1987, 0812553098,
         0812553101, 0812513576)
      %W The Inca rebellion against Spanish domination succeeded.
      %S A man from our world gets involved in a time war between Inca and Aztec
         timelines, seeing action in old Cuzco.
    
    Sagara, Michelle, "For Love of God", in <AW>
      %W Thomas a Becket did not return after fleeing England because of his
         dispute with Henry II.
      %S Armies representing the two sides meet on a French battlefield, and Becket
         remembers the history of his relationship with Henry.
    
    Sagara, Michelle, "The Sword in the Stone", in <AT>
      %S ...
    
    Salisbury, Robert H., "What If Marbury v. Madison and the Impeachment of John
         Marshall (1803)", in <WIESSF>
      %W Congress impeached and removed Chief Justice Marshall from office.
      %C Scholarly history describing the "crippling" of the US Supreme Court,
         ending in impeachment of three justices who supported abortion in 1973.
    
    Salomon, Warren, "Time on My Hands", in <IAsfm> Oct 1982
      %W Alexander the Great besieged Jerusalem.
      %S ...
    
    Sanders, William, JOURNEY TO FUSANG (Warner/Questar 198...)
      %W The Mongols sacked Europe from Moscow to Cordova, leaving the Moors and
         Chinese to discover the New World during the 16th century.
      %S In the late 1600s, an Irish rogue adrift in N America sets his sights on
         Chinese California but must first cope with a Cossack army loose in the
         SW.
    
    Sanders, William, THE WILD BLUE AND THE GRAY (Warner/Questar 1991, 0446361429)
      %W With British help, the Confederacy won the Civil War.
      %S The sole member of the Cherokee air force is attached to a Confederate
         squadron fighting in France in 1916.
    
    Sarban, THE SOUND OF HIS HORN (Davies 1952; Ballantine 1960)
      %T Spanish tr. by Manuel Figueroa as EL CUERNO DE CAZA (Editorial Arte y
         Literature 1981)
      %S A man escapes a Nazi POW camp in 1943 and falls into the future of a world
         where Germany won WW2.
    
    Sargent, Pamela, "The Sleeping Serpent", in _Amazing Stories_ Jan 1992; and
         <WMHB4>
      %W The Mongols conquered mainland Europe and crossed the Atlantic.
      %S Led by the son of the khan of France, the Iriquois federation moves to
         drive the English out of New England.
    
    Saunders, Jake, "Back to the Stone Age", in LONE STAR UNIVERSE: THE FIRST
         ANTHOLOGY OF TEXAS SCIENCE FICTION AUTHORS (eds. George W. Proctor &
         Steven Utley) (Heidelberg 1976, 0913206083); and BEST SCIENCE FICTION
         STORIES OF THE YEAR, SIXTH ANNUAL COLLECTION (ed. Gardner Dozois) (Dutton
         1977, 0525064958; Ace 1978, 044105482X)
      %W Disaster at Oak Ridge scrapped the Manhattan Project, and the US decided
         not to invade Japan.
      %S In 1954, random bombers fly over the bombed-out Japanese islands,
         eliminating any signs of human activity they happen to find.
    
    Scanlon, Michael L., "Kansas City Kitty", in L. RON HUBBARD PRESENTS WRITERS OF
         THE FUTURE: VOLUME VI (ed. Algis Budrys) (Bridge 1990)
      %W The US intervened in the Hungarian crisis of 1956.
      %S ...
    
    Schachner, Nat, "Ancestral Voices", in _Astounding_ Dec 1933
      %S ...
    
    Schimel, Lawrence, "A Stable Relationship", in <AT>
      %S ...
    
    Schimel, Lawrence, "Taking Action", in <AW>
      %W Precognition of what might be, including the Rodney King beating, pushed
         Martin Luther King, Jr. away from the path of non-violence.
      %S The civil right movement follows a more violent route, leading to a duel
         between MLK and George Wallace.
    
    Scholz, Carter, "The Ninth Symphony of Ludwig van Beethoven and Other Lost
         Songs", in UNIVERSE 7 (ed. Terry Carr) (Doubleday 1977, 0385114141)
      %S Mental time travelers examining Beethoven's creative process drive the
         composer mad before he can complete the Ode to Joy.
      %C Nominee: 1977 Nebula for best novelette, 1978 Hugo for best novella.
    
    Scholz, Carter: see also Lethem, Jonathan, & Carter Scholz
    
    Scortia, Thomas N., ARTERY OF FIRE (Doubleday 1972, 0385086598; Popular Library
         1972, 0445005351); rev. of "Artery of Fire", in _Original Science Fiction
         Stories_ Mar 1960
      %S An attempt to transmit "Black Field" power from Pluto to Earth has
         disastrous crosstime potential, heading directly for Hiroshima 1945.
    
    Scott, Melissa, A CHOICE OF DESTINIES (Baen 1986, 0671655639)
      %W After the conquest of Persia, Alexander of Macedon returned west to quell
         a rebellion of League cities.
      %S His return and dealings with early Rome.
    
    Scott, Melissa, & Lisa A. Barnett, ARMOR OF LIGHT (Baen 1988, 0671697838)
      %W Witchcraft works. Also, Sir Philip Sidney survived Zutphens.
      %S In 1593, Elizabeth I directs Sidney and Christopher Marlowe to protect
         James VI/I from magical attacks.
    
    Seabury, Paul, "The Histronaut", in <f&sf> Apr 1963
      %W Lenin did not return to Russia from Switzerland.
      %S A time traveler destroys Lenin's train, but returns to his home time to
         find Washington DC occupied by Germans.
    
    Seabury, Paul, "What If George Washington Had Been Captured by General Howe:
         Mrs. Murray's War (1776)", in <WIESSF>
      %W The owner of the farm where the battle of Murray Hill was fought persuaded
         Howe to forget refreshment and pursue Washington.
      %S Memoir of an historian who discovers Mrs. Murray's diary and who shows it
         to Howe's biographer while at the Royal New York Historical Society
    
    Seger, Maura, FORTUNE'S TIDE (Avon 1990, 0380753391)
      %W The US lost their bid for independence.
      %S Historical romance.
    
    Seger, Maura, PERCHANCE TO DREAM (Avon 1989, 0380753383)
      %W The Confederacy won at Antietam and drove on to Washington, where Lincoln
         was captured.
      %S Historical romance set in an 1876 in which Confederate President Lee
         advocated a return to union.
    
    Sell, William, "Other Tracks", in _Astounding_ Oct 1938; and SCIENCE FICTION
         ADVENTURES IN DIMENSIONS (ed. Groff Conklin) (Vanguard 1953)
      %S Two scientific assistants use a time machine to visit the past, and
         discover that they have changed the present.
      %C First known story to theorize that changing the past will alter the
         time-traveler's home time. However, little historical development.
    
    Shainblum, Mark, & Gabriel Morrissette, "The Infinite Man", in _Gene Day's
         Black Zeppelin_ ... (... , Renegade Comics)
      %W Britain and Russia fought a war in the 1880s.
      %S ...
    
    Shapiro, Stanley, A TIME TO REMEMBER (Random House 1986)
      %S To prevent his brother's death in Vietnam, a man travels back to 1963
         Dallas, but an altered history may also need correction.
      %C Basis for the 1990 movie RUNNING AGAINST TIME.
    
    Shaw, Bob, THE TWO-TIMERS (Ace 1968, 0020080794)
      %T Portuguese tr. by ... as CRIME NO TEMPO B (Tecnoprint 1972)
      %S A man goes back in time to save his wife from a killer, creating a world
         in which the wife didn't die and another version of himself exists.
    
    Sheckley, Robert, "The Deaths of Ben Baxter", in _Galaxy_ Jul 1957; and STORE
         OF INFINITY (Bantam 1960, 0553052292)
      %S Scientists manipulating history are faced with three equally undesirable
         choices.
    
    Sheckley, Robert, "Disquisitions on the Dinosaur", in DINOSAUR FANTASTIC (eds.
         Mike Resnick & Martin H. Greenberg) (DAW 1993; SFBC 1994)
      %S Time travelers bring dinosaurs forward to ancient Rome, and various
         invading (in our timeline) armies decide not to invade.
    
    Sheckley, Robert, "Dukakis and the Aliens", in <AP>
      %S In 1989, on his first day as president, an alien invasion conspiracy is
         revealed to Michael Dukakis. His reaction requires reworking history.
    
    Sheckley, Robert, "Miranda", in <AO>
      %S ...
    
    Shelley, Rick, "The Worlds I Used to Know", in _Analog_ Jan 1988
      %S ...
    
    Shepard, Lucius, "A Spanish Lesson", in <f&sf> Dec 1985; in TERRY CARR'S BEST
         SCIENCE FICTION STORIES OF THE YEAR #15 (ed. Terry Carr) (Tor 1986)
      %S ...
    
    Sherman, Joel Henry, TRAITORS TO THE CROWN (Ballantine, not yet published)
      %S ...
    
    Sherman, Josepha, "Monsieur Verne and the Martian Invasion", in <AW>
      %S In a steampunk 19th century, the great inventor Jules Verne discovers and
         fights a creature from outer space.
    
    Shetterly, Will, "Hero Worship: Public Faces and Private Dreams", in _Captain
         Confederacy_ (vol 2) #2 (Jan 1992, Epic Comics)
      %W The South won the Civil War due to un-described events c. 1862.
      %S An autobiographical sketch of a reporter, born to Union parents but
         working in the CSA.
    ---------------, & Vince Stone, _Captain Confederacy_ (vol 1) #1-12, comic book
         series (Steeldragon 1986-87)
      %S The CSA develops a Captain America-type superhero in the 1980s but he is
         unhappy being ordered about in an apartheid-ridden country.
      %C Letters to editor often more interesting than the story. Issues #1-2
         revised and re-issued as _Captain Confederacy Special Edition_.
    ------------------------------, _Captain Confederacy_ (vol 2) #1-4, comic book
         series (Epic Comics 1991-92)
      %S Super-heroes from eight N America nations, Germany and Japan, meet in New
         Orleans, where the representative from Texas is murdered for his weaponry.
    
    Shi Jian, title unknown, in _'Strange Tales'_ May 1990
      %W Germany won WW2.
      %S ...
    
    Shiner, Lewis, "Oz", in FULL SPECTRUM (eds. Lou Aronica & Shawna McCarthy)
         (Bantam 1988, 0553274821)
      %W Lee Harvey Oswald was not murdered.
      %S Ozzie is acquitted and later becomes a rock star, with mention of the
         conspiracy trials and America's exit from Vietnam.
    
    Shiner, Lewis, "Twilight Time", in <IAsfm> Apr 1984
      %T German tr. by Michael Windgassen as "Zeit des Zwielichts", in <HSL>
      %W Aliens secretly invaded in the 1950s, using subliminal TV, drugged food,
         etc, in an attempt to establish a police state.
      %S A political prisoner is sent back into 1961 in a time travel project to
         remove alien influence.
    
    Shiner, Lewis, "Voodoo Child", in _Asimov's Science Fiction_ Jul 1993; and
         GLIMPSES (Morrow 1993; Avon 1995)
      %W Jimi Hendrix did not accidentally overdose on sleeping pills.
      %S A man from 1989 tries to keep Hendrix alive so that he may produce "Last
         Rays of the Rising Sun".
      %C Seemingly AH, when taken within the context of the whole novel GLIMPSES,
         it is not.
    
    Shiner, Lewis, "White City", in <IAsfm> Jun 1990; and THE YEAR'S BEST SCIENCE
         FICTION, EIGHTH ANNUAL COLLECTION (ed. Gardner Dozois) (St. Martin's 1991,
         0312060092, 0312060084)
      %T Portuguese tr. by Ronaldo Sirgio de Biasi as "Cidade Branca", in _Isaac
         Asimov Magazine de Ficcao Cientifica_ #9
      %S Tesla conducts an experiment with atmospheric electricity at the Chicago
         World's Fair with results unanticipated by his backers.
    
    Shiner, Lewis: see also Sterling, Bruce, & Lewis Shiner
    
    Shippey, Tom, "Enemy Transmissions", in <HV>
      %S Occult use of dreams in a 3rd Reich that succeeded, some of which are of
         our timeline.
    
    Shippey, Tom: see also Harrison, Harry, & Tom Shippey
    
    Shirer, William, "If Hitler Had Won World War II", in _Look_ 15 Dec 1961
      %S Mostly a speculative essay, but passages from the diary that Shirer might
         have kept are included.
    
    Shukman, Harold, "If I had been... Alexander Kerensky in 1917", in <IIHB>
      %W Kerensky did not stop Kornilov's occupation of Petrograd.
      %C Kerensky decides that Kornilov's aid is the only way to alleviate civil
         unrest and prevent a Bolshevik takeover.
    
    Shwartz, Susan, BYZANTIUM'S CROWN (publ. unknown)
    --------------, THE WOMAN OF FLOWERS (Warner/Popular Library 1987, 0445203587,
         0445293595)
    --------------, QUEENSBLADE (... 1987)
      %W Mark Antony and Cleopatra won at Actium and moved the Roman capital to the
         east. Also, magic works.
      %S ...
    
    Shwartz, Susan, "Count of the Saxon Shore", in <Alt>
      %W Arthur of Britain survived the battle of Camlann.
      %S An old warrior reflects on the battle and its aftermath.
    
    Shwartz, Susan, "Loose Cannon", in <WMHB2>
      %W T.E. Lawrence (of Arabia) survived his 1935 motorcycle accident.
      %S In 1940, Churchill convinces Lawrence to go back to N Africa, where he
         meets Rommel.
      %C Nominee: 1990 Nebula for best novelette.
    
    Shwartz, Susan, "Suppose They Gave a Peace...", in <AP>; and <WIW>
      %W Due to the increasing count of body bags returning from Vietnam, George
         McGovern was elected US president in 1972.
      %S Not waiting for the promised US withdrawal, N Vietnamese continue marching
         on Saigon. An Ohio family worries about its soldier son.
      %C Nominee: 1992 Nebula for best novelette, 1993 Hugo for best novelette.
    -- 
    Robert B. Schmunk
    rbs@skatecity.com, rbs@panix.com
    http://www.panix.com/~rbs/
    


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