Heim Reactonless Thrusters:
Progression for the smallest that can be built at given TLs:
Do not function within a planet's gravity well; on earth's surface, thrust is 1/1 millionth listed.
Standard thrusters:
Late TL7: Thr 20 lb. 200k lb, 4k cf, $5M, 100 MW
Early TL8: Thr 20. 20k lb, 400 cf, $500k, 10 MW
Mid TL8: Thr 20. 2k lb, 40 cf, $50k, 1 MW
Late TL8: Thr 20. 200 lb, 4 cf, $5k, 100 kW
TL9: Thr 20. 20 lb, 0.4 cf, $500, 10 kW
TL10: Thr 50. 25 lb, 0.5 cf, $500, 25 kW
TL11+: Thr 500. 25 lb, 0.5 cf, $500, 25 kW
Super thrusters:
Late TL7: Thr 10. 40k lb, 800 cf, $5M, 50 MW
Early TL8: Thr 10. 4k lb, 80 cf, $500k, 5 MW
Mid TL8: Thr 10. 400 lb, 8 cf, $50k, 500 kW
Late TL8: Thr 10. 40 lb, 0.8 cf, $5k, 50 kW
TL9: Thr 10. 4 lb, 0.08 cf, $500, 5 kW
TL10: Thr 25. 5 lb, 0.1 cf, $500, 12.5 kW
TL11+: Thr 250. 5 lb, 0.1 cf, $500, 12.5 kW
Heim Gravitophoton Communicator: (Short Range, FTL)
Broadcaster & Receiver:
Late TL7: 5G lb, $250G, Range 0.000002 parsecs (0.4 AU, 37M mi), 10 GW
Early TL8: 500M lb, $25G, Range 0.00002 parsecs (4 AU), 1 GW
Mid TL8: 50M lb, $2.5G, Range 0.0002 parsecs (40 AU), 100 MW
Late TL8: 5M lb, $250M, Range 0.002 parsecs (400 AU), 10 MW
TL9: 500k lb, $25M, Range 0.02 parsecs (4k AU), 1 MW
TL10+: 250k lb, $12.5M, Range 0.1 parsecs (20k AU), 1 MW
Receiver: (Receive Only)
Late TL7: 1G lb, $25G, Range 0.000002 parsecs (0.4 AU), 1 GW
Early TL8: 100M lb, $2.5G, Range 0.00002 parsecs (4 AU), 100 MW
Mid TL8: 10M lb, $250M, Range 0.0002 parsecs (40 AU), 10 MW
Late TL8: 1M lb, $25M, Range 0.002 parsecs (400 AU), 1 MW
TL9: 100k lb, $2.5M, Range 0.02 parsecs (4k AU), 100 kW
TL10+: 50k lb, $1.25M, Range 0.1 parsecs (40k AU), 100 kW
Direction Finder: As Reciever, cost * 5
Heim Drive: (Warp Drive)
Does not function within a planet's gravity well.
Speed: WTF/LoadedWeight[tons] parsecs/day
Late TL7: 400M + 10M*WTF lbs, Wt/50 cf, $2G + $50M*WTF, WTF*10 GW
Early TL8: 40M + 1M*WTF lbs, Wt/50 cf, $200M + $5M*WTF, WTF*1 GW
Mid TL8: 4M + 100k*WTF lbs, Wt/50 cf, $20M + $500k*WTF, WTF*100 MW
Late TL8: 400k + 10k*WTF lbs, Wt/50 cf, $2M + $50k*WTF, WTF*10 MW
TL9: 40k + 1k*WTF lbs, Wt/50 cf, $200k + $5k*WTF, WTF*1 MW
TL10: 4k + 100*WTF lbs, Wt/50 cf, $20k + $500*WTF, WTF*100 kW
WTF 1:
Late TL7: 410M lbs (205k tons), 8.2M cf, $2050M, 10 GW (up to 0.0058c)
Early TL8: 41M lbs (20500 tons), 820k cf, $205M, 1 GW (up to 0.058c)
Mid TL8: 4.1M lbs (2050 tons), 82k cf, $20.5M, 100 MW (up to 0.58c)
Late TL8: 410k lbs (205 tons), 8200 cf, $2.05M, 10 MW (up to 5.8c)
TL9: 41k lbs (20.5 tons), 820 cf, $205k, 1 MW (up to 58c)
TL10: 4100 lbs (2.05 tons), 82 cf, $20500, 100 kW. (up to 580c)
TL7 Fission, 20k + 8*kW lbs, $400k + $200*Wt, 2 years
+$80k per MW every 2 years
10,000,000 kW: 80,020k lbs (40,010 tons), $16,004,400k + $800M/2y
TL8 Fission, 4k + 4*kW lbs, $200k + $100*Wt, 2y
+$80k per MW every 2 years
1,000,000 kW: 4,004k lbs (1,001 tons), $400,600k + $80M/2y
100,000 kW: 404k lbs (101 tons), $40,600k + $8M/2y
10,000 kW: 44k lbs (11 tons), $4,600k + $800k/2y
TL9 Fission, 1k + 1*kW lbs, $40k + $40*Wt, 2y
+$80k per 10 MW every 2 years
1,000 kW: 2,000 lbs (1 ton), $120k + $80k/2y
TL9 Fusion, 20k + 1*kW lbs, $1M + $200*Wt, 200y
1,000 kW: 21,000 lbs (10.5 tons), $5.2M
TL10+ Fission, 1K + 1*kW lbs, $20, 2y
+$80k per 10 MW every 2 years
100 kW: 1,100 lbs (0.55 tons), $22k + $80k/2y
TL10 Fusion, 2k + 0.2*kW lbs, $200k + $50*Wt, 200y
100 kW: 2,020 lbs (1.01 tons), $301k
(min costs: $20k)
TL7 RTG, 1250 + 50*kW, $1000, 14y
TL8 RTG, 200+10*kW, $50, 14y
TL8 Experimental Fusion. 2M + 2*kW lbs, $50*Wt, 0.5y
1,000,000 kW: 4M lbs (1,000 tons), $200M
100,000 kW: 2,200k lbs (1,100 tons), $110M
10,000 kW: 2,020k lbs (1,010 tons), $101M
TL9 RTG, 75+5*kW, $50, 14y
TL9^ Super MHD Fusion, 100 + 0.5*kW lbs, $65*Wt, 200y
TL10 RTG, 50+2*kW, $50, 14y
TL10+^ Super MHD Fusion, 90 + 0.4*kW lbs, $50*Wt, 2y
TL11+ RTG, 25+1*kW, $50, 14y
TL11+ Fusion, 2k + 0.2*kW lbs, $100k + $25*Wt, 200y
---
FTL Radar:
Late TL7: 20k lb, 400 cf, $50M, 5 MW, Range 18.6 miles
Early TL8: 2k lb, 40 cf, $5M, 500 kW, Range 186 miles
Mid TL8: 200 lb, 4 cf, $500k, 50 kW, Range 1,860 miles
Late TL8: 20 lb, 0.4 cf, $50k, 5 kW, Range 18,600 miles
TL9: 2 lb, 0.04 cf, $5k, 0.5 kW, Range 186,000 miles
TL10: 1 lb, 0.02 cf, $2500, 0.5 kW, Range 186,000 miles
TL11+: 0.5 lb, 0.01 cf, $1250, 0.5 kW, Range 186,000 miles
Gravscanner:
TL7: Range 0.5 mile, 250k lb, 5k cf, $250M, 100 kW
TL8: Range 0.5 mile, 25k lb, 500 cf, $25M, 10 kW
TL9: Range 0.5 mile, 2500 lb, 50 cf, $2.5M, 1 kW
TL10: Range 0.5 mile, 250 lb, 5 cf, $250k, 0.1 kW
TL11: Range 0.5 mile, 25 lb, 0.5 cf, $25k, 0.01 kW
TL12: Range 0.5 mile, 10 lb, 0.2 cf, $10k, 0.01 kW
TL13: Range 0.5 mile, 5 lb, 0.1 cf, $5k, 0.01 kW
# 190 MW - Tech: peak power output of a Nimitz class aircraft carrier
900 MW - Tech: electric power output of a CANDU nuclear reactor
2.074 GW - Tech: peak power generation of Hoover Dam
3 GW - Tech: approximate peak power generation of the world's largest nuclear reactor
18.2 GW - Tech: electrical power generation of the Three Gorges Dam
424.3 GW - Geo: average electrical power consumption of the U.S. in 2001
1.7 TW - Geo: average electrical power consumption of the world in 2001
-----
skimmed:
STAIF-2005-Notes.doc
A_Abstract.pdf
aiaa20024094.pdf
SPACE TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL FORUM
2nd Symposium on New Frontiers and Future Concepts
February 13 -17, 2005, Albuquerque, NM
Flux pumped HTSC magnets are now strong enough to demonstrate the Gertsenshtein effect and to test Heim's Quantum Theory.
Many GW generation and detection concepts depend on synchro-resonance to create or detect GW using an EM wave in a strong magnetic field (15T). Very high field strengths (20T-30T) will also be required to confirm some of Heim's unified field theory predictions (see session F07 for more details.) Therefore creating a strong magnetic field is one of the important technology limits to creating a measurable gravitational control experiment.
Tony Robertson presented co-author Phil Putman's paper on the current state of the art in strong magnetic field generation from the Texas Center for SC. High Temperature Super Conductors (HTSC) such as YBCO show promise as "permanent magnets" in that they can trap up to 17 Tesla using supercurrents, losing only 10% of the current in 10 years. One limit to field strength is when magnetic field strength of pinned flux exceeds the material tensile strength, but encasing the SC can allow for this limit to be exceeded. Trapped magnetic flux is also limited by material and microstructures in the material that enable flux trapping. This magnetization limit can be enhanced using flux pumping, where an electromagnet pumps flux through one hole in the SC, increasing super currents, and thus increasing fields available at other test apertures within the same slab of SC. Using flux pumping levels of 25T may be possible.
Heim's Quantum Theory (HQT) predicts EM to gravitational coupling for 20T rotating magnetic fields. HQT has undergone theoretical development in Germany.
Professor Hauser presented a paper on HQT (Heim Quantum Theory) that he co-authored with Walter Droscher. A less developed version of this same theory was presented last year, but this year he shared a little more of the background behind this theory. HQT was developed by Heim in the 50's. It was all written in German, and was difficult to interpret. A group of a few dozen physicists at Messerschmitt worked on applying this theory for about 16 years. When Daimler-Chrysler purchased the unit, the effort came to light and was discontinued. No known flight tests of field propulsion craft are known to exist; the effort was purely theoretical. Since then the defense unit of Daimler-Chrysler has become part of EADS. EADS has no interest in this effort, and so the development of HQT is no longer considered proprietary.
HQT is a quantum theory that comes from a geometrization of quantum field theory. HQT predicts 6 fundamental forces instead of four: strong, weak, EM, and three gravitational forces. The three gravitational forces are gravitons, which result in an attractive force, and do not interact with other forces, gravito-photons, which can be attractive or repulsive, and can interact with EM, and quintessence, which is repulsive, and besides mass interacts only with the ZPF.
The interaction between EM photons and gravito-photons is known as the "Heim-Lorentz" force, and is very non-linear. It is predicted that a lifting force can be created by rotating a permanent magnetic ring, such as an HTSC (high-temperature superconductor) with a large trapped magnetic field. For a trapped field strength of 2 Tesla, a force of (10)^-43 N is predicted. For a trapped field strength of 20 Tesla, a force of (10)^+7 N [20,000,000 lbs force] is predicted. When asked whether a rotating plasma with the same rotated magnetic field strengths shouldn't also create the same effect, Jochem agreed that it should work - the rotating magnetic field does not have to be embedded in an HTSC, this is just a convenient way to flux pin a magnetic field. Obviously, if HQT tests out, this is an area that would justify further investigation.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heim_theory
At the foundation of Heim's theory is the derivation of an elemental, discrete surface quantum T , denoted as Metron .The value of the Metron size is given by T=Gh /2wc^2. It should be noted that in Heim's theory,gravitational waves propagate at a speed of w = 4 /3 c ,
The current surface area of a Metron is
1 metron = 1 Planck's Length square = 6.15 * 10^-70 m^2
In contrast to current string theory, Heim is using so called Metrons, quantized minimal surfaces with orientation (spin) whose size has varied in time. From the beginning of the universe up to today, the Metron size has decreased, and is now approximately the size of the Planck length squared, i.e., its physical dimension is m 2 . At the same time, the number of Metrons has increased. Thus, the beginning of the universe is identified with the event when there was only one Metron, whose surface covered the whole universe. According to this quantum picture, the universe started at a finite size without developing a singularity, naturally avoiding the problem of infinite self-energies. In other words, there are no space-time points, a concept actually in conflict with Heisenberg's uncertainty principle.
Since the higher dimensional space used in Heim's theory comprises a discrete metronic lattice, there are no singularities. Hence, the beginning of the universe is clearly defined. The actual starting point for the universe was, when the size of a single Metron, T , which is a function of time, dT/dt < 0, covered the surface of the universe, assumed to be spherical. During the expansion phase of the universe, the number of Metrons increased.
According to Heim, the whole universe comprises a grid of Metrons or metronic lattice. Space that does not contain any information consists of a discrete uniform Euclidean grid, bounded by Metrons (e.g., a 6 dimensional volume element is bounded by 240 oriented Metrons).
...
It should be mentioned for matter to be existing, as we are used to conceive it, a distortion from Euclidean metric or condensation,a term used by Heim, is a necessary but not a sufficient condition.
Interpretation of elementary particles as geometrical entities that possess an internal dynamic structure which is changing cyclically in time. Elementary particles do possess an internal spatial structure (zones), but are elementary in a sense that they are not composed of subparticles. Elementary particles are not point entities, but do consist of Metrons.
From the theory of the coupling constants a value of 28.66 keV is computed for the photon energy at which, according to Eq. (15), photons are completely converted into gravito-photons (w7 field) by the transmutation field, w5, that is present in vacuum.
Let the spacecraft have a spherical body of radius R = 1 m and mass M = 10 4 kg. Let us furthermore consider that the spacecraft is not subject to any external gravitational field. Its gravitational self-energy is 3.365 * 10^-3 J
The photon energy needed would therefore be a mere 0.9 J, no losses assumed. This result holds for the conversion using a free electron laser. Using a second solution, requiring a lower photon energy, employing an electrically charged rotating torus, an energy of some 10^5 J would be necessary.
creatinging a strong stationary magnetic field by a cur-
rent,for instance,in a superconducting coil,
above which a material ring (torus,flywheel)is
rotated at a high circumferential speed of some
10^3 m/s.
According to our present calculations, the
situation changes drastically if we were to
launch from the surface of a planet. Let us assume
that both planet and spacecraft are
spherical bodies, and a launch from the surface
of the earth is intended. The mass of the earth
is 5.98*10^24 kg and the radius is 6.378*10^6 m.
Eq. (23) (without factor oe) results in an energy
of some 6.25*10^11 J and a photon energy of
67*6.25*10^11 J.
This modified law has severe consequences,
since the observed redshift would, at least par-
tially, be a gravitational redshift.
To calculate the diameter
D0 at the beginning of time, the relation ð
D0 2 = ô 0 has to be inserted into the second
equation of Eq. (26). ô 0 denotes the metronic
size at the origin of the universe. The resulting
equation of 7 th order for f0 has 3 real roots. This
results in 3 different positive values of D0 and
three different negative values for D0.Heim in-
terprets this as a trinity of spheres, separated in
time by a chronon, the quantum time interval.
At the end of its life cycle, the universe col-
lapses into a trinity of spheres, determined by
the negative values for the diameter.
According to Heim the age of the universe is
some 10^127 years. Matter as we know it was
generated only some 15 billion years ago,
when t ,theMetron size, became small
enough. The phenomenon of gamma ray
bursts may be an indication of the creation of
matter. At that time the universe was already
almost flat, i.e., t'/t~=0 and D'/D ~=0 . In
other words, the universe is expanding, but at a
slower rate as presently believed and is at pres-
ent almost flat.
However, before matter (i.e.,form and inertia) could come into existence, the corresponding length scale of the quantized spacetime of the universe had to reach a certain threshold (minimal) length. In other words, the metric scale had to be fine enough to allow for the proper curvature in physical space R3. Since the universe starts out from a quantized space, when a single Metron covers the surface of the whole universe, there are no problems with the initial conditions in this picture. Evidently the Metron size is time dependent and has decreased since the quantized bang.
For most of the time of its existence this prime-
val universe possessed only structure,until its
associated elementary length scale satisfied a
certain condition.While the universe was ex-
panding,its associated length scale was decreas-
ing.When this length scale came close to the
Planck length,a phase transition occurred,trig-
gered by fluctuations in the length scale.This
phase transition led to the generation of a parti-
cle having the mass of the Planck mass.
Therefore,
we obtain for the mass of the heaviest (neutral)
particle,denoted as Maximon (it is interesting
to note that its Schwarzschild radius is equal to
the range of its attractive gravitational field)
=6.5 ×10^-8 kg
This kind of phase transition occurred at many
locations in the primeval universe,in a statisti-
cally (random)distributed manner,and led to the
creation of many universes,separated from each
other,i.e.,no optical signal can reach our uni-
verse from such a parallel universe.These uni-
verses should be similar with regard to their
physical laws,since they are all created by the
decay of Maximon particles.At a time of about
10^100 s,when the time dependent Metron size, T(t),became sufficiently small,a break of a
global symmetry group must have occurred.
Each of these Maximon particles was the center
of a process for the generation of a universe,in
which ponderable particles are existing.In other
words,our own universe is the result of the de-
cay of one of these Maximons.This is in con-
trast to the original or primeval universe that
only holds geometrical structure.The Maximon
particle decayed,cascading into mesons and
baryons (this process might be interpreted as in-
flationary universe),with final products as neu-
trons,protons,and electrons.This avalanche
process was accompanied by the emission of
gamma quanta that might perhaps explain the
existence of the cosmic background radiation.In
addition,particles that could be interpreted as
vacuum energy might have been created (these
particles could be interpreted as dark energy be-
cause of their very small rest mass).Their
masses corresponds to the greatest possible
wavelength possible,namely the diameter of our
optical universe,i.e.,DO ~= 4 × 10^26 m.
It should be stressed that Heim's cosmogony
comprises a primeval universe that originated
from a quantized bang.Our optical universe,
that is of much smaller diameter,is embedded in
this primeval universe.This optical universe is
one of many other universes,created simultane-
ously throughout the primeval universe,caused
by the phase transition mentioned above.This
phase transition triggered the production of the
heaviest elementary particle,the Maximon,
whose subsequent decay eventually lead to our
universe.This rapid decay,however,must have
taken place by some kind of inflationary process
or through a varying speed of light (VSL),which
is allowed in Heim's theory,if connected to an
inertial transformation.
our universe,which is embedded in the primeval
universe of much greater diameter of some 10^125 m
The calculation leads to a mass of
3.71 ×10^51
kg of the ponderable (possessing a
nonzero rest mass)ordinary,visible matter in
our universe.
Hermetry